Poverty and Ethnicity: A Cross-country Study of Roma Poverty in Central Europe, المجلدات 23-531
World Bank Publications, 01/01/2002 - 44 من الصفحات
In many countries in Central and Eastern Europe, Roma are the main poverty risk group.Unfortunately, information on their living conditions and the characteristics of their poverty are scant, fragmented, and often anecdotal. Poverty and Ethnicity analyzes data, from a new cross-country household survey, conducted by the Center for Comparative Research at Yale University in the United States. This survey, the first of its kind, addresses the ethnic dimension of poverty across countries, covering Roma in Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania and evaluates the welfare of Roma from a quantitative perspective.
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adult equivalent expenditure analysis areas association Average benefits Bulgaria Bulgaria Hungary Romania calculations capita characteristics communities Comparative comparison Composition consumption Contract correlates Determinants differences economic effect employed Employment Status enrolled estimates ethnic ethnic oversample ethnic samples example factors families female Figure groups HH head higher household survey housing identified important improve increase indicate individual individual questionnaire integrated interviewer issues labor force language less living lower majority mean measures negative non-Roma households Notes observations opportunities percent percent of Roma policies poor poverty line poverty rates primary programs random and ethnic random sample reflects region regressions relative reported returns Roma and non-Roma Roma households Roma Non-Roma Roma population Roma Roma Rural Share significant significantly social social assistance Source Standard studies Table three countries Transition unemployed urban variable weighted welfare women World Bank Yale Dataset
الصفحة 2 - Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Turkey. The accession process requires: (1) an opinion, from the European Commission on the applicant's suitability to become a member, (2) the European Council of Ministers...
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