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about thirty dead and wounded on the field, besides a number unknown, buried. Here we had the misfortune to lose Lieut. Col. Gold, one subaltern, and several privates, killed and wounded. It was found impossible to rally our troops, and Gen. Arnold ordered a stand to be made at Saugatuck bridge, where it was expected the enemy would pass.

Americans had assembled in such numbers that they made a hasty retreat, leaving a good deal of their booty behind them, which they could not get on board the shipping, and came very near being captured.

January 3, 1777. Several British transports were loading with wood, &c., at the East end of Long Island, guarded by some ships of war, who pilfered and robbed the inhabitants of their effects.

Last Tuesday evening, thirty tories and soldiers under guard arrived at Middletown, taken at Hackinsack. N. Y., by a party of Gen. Parsons's brigade.

A sloop, Wheeler Brown, master, which sailed from New London with provisions for our army, was taken at Norwalk by a barge, of a British-man-of-war. Nathaniel Shaw, Jr., went from New London with a flag of truce, to New York, to exchange prisoners, and returned with forty seamen he had exchanged, most of whom were from Rhode Island, and on his way from New York, put into New Haven, where an express from Gen. Washington to Gen. Heath, with the news that early on the 26th of Dec. 1776, Gen. Washington with 3,000 mnen crossed the Delaware, and at 8 o'clock in the morning, engaged the enemy at Trenton, N. J., with about 1,600 men, and the weather cold, with rain and hail, and in 35 minutes routed the whole, and took 919 prisoners, exclusive of killed and wounded; 1 colonel, 2 lieut. colonels, 3 majors, 4 captains, 8 lieutenants, 12 ensigns, 1 judge advocate, 2 surgeon's mates, 92 sargeants, 20 drummers, 9 musicians, 25 officers' servants, 740 rank and file. Took 6 brass cannon, two of which were 12 pounders; 1,200 small arms; 4 standards; 12 brass drums, with trumpets, swords, 6 wagons, and a number of horses, &c.-[Connecticut Gazette.]

January 10th, 1777. On the 6th of January, nine British ships passed New London to the East.

January 17, 1776. Accounts stated that Gen. Washington's army on the 11th of January, consisted of 22,000 effective men.

Arrived at Milford a flag of truce, from New York, with more than 200 American prisoners, whose rueful faces too well depicted their ill treatment, while prisoners in New York; twenty died on their passage from New York to Milford, and twenty more died at Milford, and thirty-one were sick.

The last day of January was appointed a day of fasting and prayer throughout New England.

An extract of a letter from a prisoner of distinction in New York, from Connecticut, dated 26th Dec. 1776.-"The distress of the prisoners cannot be communicated by words, twenty or thirty die every day, they lie in heaps, unburied;

"At 9 o'clock, A. M., the 28th, about five hundred men were colleeted at Saugatuck bridge, including part of two companies of Col. Lamb's battalion of artillery, with three field pieces, under command of Lieut. Col. Oswald; one field piece, with part of the artillery company from Fairfield, 60 continental troops, and the companies of volunteers from New Haven, with whom Gens.

what number of my countrymen have died by cold and hunger, perished for the wants of the necessaries of life!-I have seen it!

"This, sir, is the boasted British clemency-I had nigh perished-New England people can have no idea of such barbarous policy; nothing can stop such treatment but retaliation. It is due to the manes of our murdered countrymen, to protect the survivors, rather than experience again their barbarity and insults. May I fall by the swords of the Hessians.

I am, &c."

January 24, 1777. On the 13th of January, 1777, Col. Ethan Allen was a prisoner on parole in the city of New York.

On the 19th of January, twenty British officers and soldiers arrived at Hartford from the westward; and one hundred and sixty more were on their way to Hartford, a part of three hundred taken at Princeton.

Capt. Lodowick Champlin in a sloop from New London, was taken and carried into New York.

January 31, 1777. Ten sail of British ships and two brigs, supposed to be the ships from the East end of Long Island, on the 26th January, and on the 28th several other British ships went down Long Island sound. On the 29th of January, twenty-one sail of the enemy's ships passed New London harbor up the sound; the last supposed to be the fleet of transports that had been taking in British troops at Newport, bound to New York.

On the 26th of January, a flag of truce that went from Saybrook, with prisoners to New York, returned to New London harbor, but were not allowed to come within some leagues of the city, and to remain there but one night.

The privateer, American Revenue, Capt. Champlin, of New London, took a brig from Quebec, and sent her into Bedford, laden with fish.

Feb. 7, 1777. A ship of war of 36 guns, (the Niger) lay at the West end of Fisher's Island, and on the 3d hoisted sail, and the same day drove on shore at Narraganset beach A large schooner, a prize to the privateer, American Revenue, of New London, the schooner was from Ireland, laden with flour, bread, butter, &c., and two bales of linen, taken out by the privateer. After the prize was on shore, the British sent several boats to set her on fire, which they effected, but the fire was soon extinguished by the inhabitants collected on shore, with several cannon, by which they preserved the vessel, though an incessant fire from the ship-of-war was kept up; several of the enemy were killed; the prize had 800 firkins of choice butter on board, &c.

Feb. 21, 1777. On the 16th of February, Capt. Clay, from Connecticut river, was drove on shore on Narraganset beach by two British frigates, who fired at

Arnold and Silliman took post about two miles above the bridge. Soon after the enemy appeared in sight, their rear was attacked by Col. Huntington, (commanding a party of five hundred men,) who sent to Gen. Arnold for instructions, and for some officer to assist him. Gen. Silliman was ordered to his assistance. The enemy, finding our troops advantageously posted, made a halt

his vessel, and sent barges to take possession of her, but were repulsed by the people on shore, who beat off the boats, which vessel afterwards arrived at Stonington.

On the 17th of February, several tories at Great Neck, (in New London) were found in traitorous acts, and taken into custody, and Pardon Tabor committed to jail, the others confined under a safe guard.

On the 16th, a flag of truce went from New London with prisoners, to the Amazon frigate, near Gardner's Island, who were exchanged for Capt. Palmer's people, who had been taken by the enemy.

March 7, 1777. Capt. Bonticue, who sailed from New Haven January 1st, for Europe, was taken two days out, by the Union ship-of-war, and carried to Newport, where all but two were exchanged, one of whom, a native of New Haven, turned traitor, and joined the British.

A British frigate and two or three tenders appeared in New Haven harbor, and in the night, one of her boats came close in to the Eastern point, but the guards being seen, the boat immediately made off.

The unfortunate prisoners, forty-six in number, landed on the 3d of March from the Glasgow transport ship, (Capt. Craige) were buried at New Haven, and a list of their names published.

March 14th, 1777. On the 8th of March, eleven sail of men-of-war and transports, a part of the British fleet from Rhode Island, appeared at the West end of Fisher's Island standing westward, they drifted back of the point, and came to anchor, the next day made sail, and about noon anchored the North side of the Island, and on the 11th made sail to the eastward, the fleet being so near New London, the militia from the neighboring towns were ordered to New London for the defence of the harbor, among whom the Norwich light infantry company, Col. C. Leffingwell, made a martial appearance; and his men were neatly dressed in uniform. After the fleet left, Col. Leffiingwell went to Fisher's Island with several boats to make discoveries. Mr. Brown a citizen of the Island informed him, that the fleet took 106 sheep, 8 oxen, 11 cows, 22 yearlings, 26 swine, 24 turkeys, 4 doz. fowls, 123 bushels of corn, 100 bushels of potatoes, 5 tons of hay, wood, pork, bed clothes, sheets, &c. &c.; that the armed ships were the Amazon, Greyhound, and Lark, with seven transports; that they landed three companies of British, and three companies of Hessian troops. Mr. Brown informed Col. Leffingwell that there were twenty ships at anchor in Gardner's bay, though but eleven could be discovered; besides two ships then coming through Plumb Gut. The stock taken from the Island was mostly paid for by the British.

and after some little time, wheeled off to the left, and forded Saugatuck river three miles above the bridge. Gen. Arnold, observing this motion, ordered the whole to march directly for the bridge, in order to attack the enemy in flank ;-Gen. Silliman's division, at the same time, to attack their rear. The enemy, by running at full speed, had past the bridge on Fairfield side, with

March 14, 1777. On the 8th of March, three men went from New London to Fisher's Island, in a sail boat after corn, as none could be purchased at New London, and while they were loading their boat at the Island, they discovered a number of troops landed on the Island; they started for their boat to escape, but were pursued by the troops, and they reached the boat which lay about pistol shot from the shore; 300 men, in two divisions, had reached the shore, when an officer was ordered on shore, with a threat to fire upon them if they refused. The three men of the boat disregarded their threats and command, and began to hoist sail, the enemy fired at them, and continued their fire until the sail boat was out of their reach, being (about 15 minutes) they also attempted to reach them in a sail boat which ran aground on a point; the three men stated that at least one thousand shots were fired at them, and one hundred struck the boat, but neither of them were killed or hurt.

March 21, 1777. A small sail boat owned by Samuel Beebe, of Stonington, was taken by a boat from the Amazon, in the sound, (Capt. Jacobs) the same day Beebe's boat, armed with two swivels, and twenty men with small arms, took the schooner Olive, (Bulkley master) loaded with 1600 bushels of salt, &c. On the 15th, the Amazon anchored without the light house, at New London, and sent a flag into New London, to propose an exchange of prisoners-on the 16th they landed Capt. Bulkley, his mate, and Mr. C. Cunningham, (a passenger from New Haven on board the Olive) on Fisher's Island; tho' said Cunningham sailed with Capt. Mansfield, and was taken within two hours sail of Martinico. The prisoners were well treated by Capt. Jacobs, as they reported, entirely dif ferent from most of his profession, who had been stationed on this coast; among whom the name of Wallace would long be remembered by hundreds who had felt and seen his savage conduct in firing upon single and defenceless houses, burning and destroying private property, and the abuse of women and children, and those whom age had rendered incapable of resistance.

Twenty-five tories from Long Island, landed near Norwalk; went into the country; plundered a gentleman's house, took the owner (towards whom they owed a grudge) prisoner. On their return, they fell in with three officers from the Saw Pits, whom they also made prisoners; and a guard of men on the shore, and went to Long Island with the whole.

March 28, 1777. Seventeen men of the enemy landed from a tender and took a guard of fifteen militia, at Middlesex, by means of a cowardly militia captain (a few weeks previous to the above date.)

A flag of truce with ten prisoners went from New London to Newport, and exchanged them for Capt. Tinker and his people, on board the Unicorn manof-war, taken a short time before on their way from the West Indies to New London.

their main body, before our troops could cross it. Gen. Silliman, finding it impossible to overtake the enemy in their rear, proceeded to the bridge, where the whole were formed. They marched in two columns, with two field pieces on the right, the other on the left of the enemy, when a smart skirmishing and firing of field pieces ensued, which continued about three hours. The enemy,

The sloop Polly, of Killingworth, Capt. Griffin, was taken by the enemy in the West Indies.

On the 27th, a British ship passed New London to the eastward.

April 18, 1777. On the 12th of April, about thirty sail of shipping, British men-of-war and transports, passed New London from Newport, towards New York; the Monday after, a large ship went down the sound, and another went up the sound.

A large prize ship was taken by the American ship Defence, Capt. Smedley, and arrived at Bedford. The prize was reported to have 3,000 barrels of pro. visions on board.

April 25, 1777. The armed brig Defence, (Capt. Smedley,) owned by this State, and the sloop American Revenue, (Capt. Champlin,) of New London, had arrived in a safe port from a cruise, and had taken four valuable prizes.

Capt. Wattles, in a small sloop letter of marque, owned in Norwich, arrived at New London, who on his outward bound passage took a brig from Europe with a valuable cargo, which was sold in South Carolina.

The Captain Stillman, Lewis and Lay, outward bound, from New London and Stonington, and one other vessel, were all taken by a British frigate near Block Island, on the 21st of April.

May 2d, 1777. On the 19th of April, the prize brig Grog, Capt. Smedley's third prize, arrived at Plymouth, which belonged to a fleet of thirty-two sail from Cork, bound to the West Indies.

May 9th, 1777. A few days previous to the 5th of May, a number of tories from New Milford and other places, were committed to gaol in Hartford.

On the 7th of May, several British ships were seen off New London harbor; and on the 9th and for several days previous, a British frigate had been plying up and down the sound.

May 23, 1777. Last week several persons in Norwich, Windham, and the North Parish of New London, were taken on suspicion of toryism, and some of them committed to gaol.

Saturday last, a considerable number of ships and other vessels, with some flat bottomed boats, appeared off Stamford.

Wednesday last, about twenty sails of the enemy's ships went up the sound past New London.

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