ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
accompanying actions activity adjustment advance amount animals answering arise become blood body cause centres certain changes chapter cluster co-existence co-ordination combination common complex compound connected connexions consciousness constituting continuous contraction correspondence creatures direct discharge distinct distinguished disturbance effect elements emotions environment equal established excited exist experiences external extreme fact feelings fibres followed force functions further greater groups hand Hence higher ideas implies impressions increase inner intelligence internal involved kind known less matter mental Mind molecular motion motion muscles muscular nature nerves nervous system objects observe occur organism outer pains particular pass perception phenomena physical position possible present produced psychical reached reason received relations relative sensations sense sequences similarly simple space structure subjective substance successive suppose things thought tion touch truth units varies various visual wave
الصفحة 470 - The corollary here drawn from the general argument is that the human brain is an organized register of infinitely numerous experiences received during the evolution of life, or rather, during the evolution of that series of organisms through which the human organism has been reached.
الصفحة 280 - In other words, those races of beings only can have survived in which, on the average, agreeable or desired feelings went along with activities conducive to the maintenance of life, while disagreeable and habitually-avoided feelings went along with activities directly or indirectly destructive of life; and there must ever have been, other thing!
الصفحة 206 - Thus we are brought to the conclusion that what we are conscious of as properties of matter, even down to its weight and resistance, are but subjective affections produced by objective agencies that are unknown and unknowable.
الصفحة 485 - ... certain deeper, but now vague, combinations of states which were organized in the race during barbarous times, when its pleasurable activities were chiefly among the woods and waters. And out of all these excitations, some of them actual but most of them nascent, is composed the emotion which a fine landscape produces in us.
الصفحة 467 - Being the constant and infinitely repeated elements of thought, they must become the automatic elements of thought- the elements of thought which it is impossible to get rid of — the
الصفحة 502 - ... considered, he is at that moment nothing more than the composite state of consciousness by which the action is excited. But to say that the performance of the action is, therefore, the result of his free will, is to say that he determines the cohesions of the psychical states which arouse the action ; and as these psychical states constitute himself at that moment, this is to say that these psychical states determine their own cohesions, which is absurd.
الصفحة 161 - Hence, though of the two it seems easier to translate so-called matter into so-called spirit, than to translate so-called spirit into so-called matter (which latter is, indeed, wholly impossible), yet no translation can carry us beyond our symbols.
الصفحة 280 - ... if the states of consciousness which a creature endeavours to maintain are the correlatives of injurious actions, and if the states of consciousness which it endeavours to expel are the correlatives of beneficial actions, it must quickly disappear through persistence in the injurious and avoidance of the beneficial.
الصفحة 199 - A whiff of ammonia coming in contact with the eyes, produces a smart ; getting into the nostrils, excites the consciousness we describe as an intolerably strong odour ; being condensed on the tongue, generates an acrid taste ; while ammonia applied in solution to a tender part of the skin, makes it burn, as we say.
الصفحة 434 - In its higher forms, Instinct is probably accompanied by a rudimentary consciousness. There cannot be co-ordination of many stimuli without some ganglion through which they are all brought into relation. In the process of bringing them into relation, this ganglion must be subject to the influence of each — must undergo many changes. And the quick succession of changes in a ganglion, implying as it does perpetual experiences of differences and likenesses, constitutes the raw material of consciousness....