The Principles of Psychology, المجلد 1
D. Appleton and Company, 1873
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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
accompanying actions activity adjustment advance amount animals answering arise become blood body cause centres certain changes chapter cluster co-existence co-ordination combination common complex compound connected connexions consciousness constituting continuous contraction correspondence creatures definite direct discharge distinct distinguished disturbance effect elements emotions environment equal established excited exist experiences external extreme fact feelings fibres followed force functions further greater groups hand Hence higher ideas implies impressions increase inner intelligence internal involved kind known less matter mental Mind molecular motion motion muscles muscular nature nerves nervous system objects observe occur organism outer pains particular pass perception phenomena physical position possible present produced psychical reached reason received relations relative sensations sense sequences similarly simple space structure subjective substance successive suppose things thought tion touch truth units varies various visual wave
الصفحة 294 - is a definite combination of heterogeneous changes, both simultaneous and successive, in correspondence with external coexistences and sequences.
الصفحة 471 - organized register of infinitely numerous experiences received during the evolution of life, or rather during the evolution of that series of organisms through which the human organism has been reached.
الصفحة 161 - ... which is absurd. And if they are what they are supposed to be by those who identify them with their symbols, then the difficulty of translating units of feeling into them is insurmountable : if Force as it objectively exists is absolutely alien in nature from that which exists subjectively as Feeling, then the transformation of Force into Feeling is unthinkable. Either way, therefore, it is impossible to interpret inner existence in terms of outer existence.
الصفحة 497 - We have, therefore, a conflict between two sets of ideal motor changes which severally tend to become real, and one of which eventually does become real ; and this passing of an ideal motor change into a real one, we distinguish as Will.
الصفحة 404 - But this implies some centre of communication common to them all, through which they severally pass ; and as they cannot pass through it simultaneously, they must pass through it in succession. So that as the external phenomena responded to become greater in number and more complicated in kind, the variety and rapidity of the changes to which this common centre of communication is subject must increase — there must result an unbroken series C t of these changes— there must arise a consciousness.
الصفحة 281 - Evolution, that races of sentient creatures could have come into existence under no other con. ditiooa. § 125. \If_we substitute for the word Pleasure the equivalent phrase— a feeling which we seek to bring into consciousness and retain there...
الصفحة 495 - It is even more at fault in respect to the emotions than in respect to the cognitions. The doctrine that all the desires, all the sentiments, are generated by the experiences of the individual, is so glaringly at variance with facts that I wonder how any one should ever have entertained it.
الصفحة 398 - ... mechanically; and show no direction of object, no avoidance of danger. If the body be opposed in its progress by an obstacle of not more than half of its own height, it mounts over it, and moves directly onwards, as in its natural state ; but if the obstacle be equal to its own height, its progress is arrested, and the cut extremity of the body remains forced up against the opposing substance, the legs still continuing to move.
الصفحة 575 - ... there is none. If there is no organization, the cerebrum is a chaotic mass of fibres, incapable of performing any orderly action. If there is some organization, it must consist in that same "physiological division of labour" in which all organization consists ; and there is no division of labour; physiological or other, but what involves the concentration of special kinds of activity in special places.
الصفحة 166 - ... which are related to one another in sequence or co-existence. A feeling proper is either made up of like parts that occupy time, or it is made up of like parts that occupy space, or both. In any case, a feeling proper is an aggregate of related like parts, while a relational feeling is undecomposable. And this is exactly the contrast between the two which must result if, as we have inferred, feelings are composed of units of feeling, or shocks.