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myself I shall find some who will not regret my choice of resi dence. I had understood with unfeigned concern the severe loss you allude to, and knew the pain it would occasion. You have, however, the best of consolations in those whom she has left behind; and it is my most earnest wish that they may be long spared to you, and you to them. In a family like yours every loss must be deeply felt; for none can be taken away without diminishing the stock of worth and happiness to which each is so well calculated to contribute. But you have still about you enough to preserve to life all that belongs to it, of interest and value, to which, my dear Sir, you can add that which many cannot, the perfect consciousness of having deserved it. I beg you to remember me in the most friendly terms to your sons, and to present our affectionate compliments to Mrs. Cooke."

"LONDON, February 15th, 1804.

"MY DEAR SIR,-Your letter of the 2d of December, which I received on the 23d of last month, is among the most pleasing of the many proofs which my long absence from America has procured me of your valuable friendship. It is not in my power to manifest by words the sensibility which such kindness excites in my heart. I must leave it to time therefore to offer me other means.


"The application to the government of the United States, for an outfit, was the joint application of Mr. Gore and myself; and as it was addressed wholly to the justice of the government, and asked no favour, I did not suppose that it would be proper to endeavour to interest my friends generally in its success. seemed to me that this would have argued a distrust either of the claim itself, or of those to whom it was preferred; and as I really had the most perfect confidence in both, I was not disposed to act as if I had none. Accordingly, I mentioned the subject only to General Smith, as a senator of the United States, requesting of him, in case the President should lay it before Congress, such explanations and support as it might seem to him to require, and his view of it, (as a demand of right,) would justify. More than this, I could not prevail upon myself to do, although I began several letters to different persons whose good

offices I thought I might venture to ask. General Smith has answered my letter, and otherwise acted on this occasion in a way to deserve my particular thanks. I have no doubt, however, that the claim has been rejected; and I understand that I am not likely to derive much consolation for this rejection, from the manner in which our application has been received and treated. It would not be proper to say more upon a transaction of which I have at present such scanty knowledge, and the result of which may not be such as I conjecture it to be.

"General Smith mentions another matter, of which you also take notice-I mean the desire expressed by some gentlemen of Baltimore, who have been benefitted by my services in England, to make me some pecuniary acknowledgment. My answer, written in a hurry, and therefore, perhaps, not exactly what it ought to be, declines this proposal, for which, however, I cannot but be sincerely thankful to those from whom it proceeds. General Smith will probably show you my letter, and I should be glad that you would even ask him to do so.

"As to the arrangement of a loan, it is liable, in substance, to all the objections applicable to the other, and consequently inad. missible. I must, therefore, do as well as I can with my own resources and I have the satisfaction to know that I shall leave England with my credit untouched, and in no tradesman's debt. If it will distress me to return to Maryland, with my large family, (as I am not ashamed to confess it will,) I shall at least have to sustain me under it, the consciousness that no vice has contributed to produce it-that my honour has no stain upon it—and that although it may be a misfortune to become poor in the public service, it is no crime. For the rest, I rely upon Providence and my own efforts in my profession.

"I am ashamed, my dear Sir, that almost every word of this letter has myself for its subject; and I should be yet mor so, if I did not recollect that it is to you who have encouraged me thus to play the egotist. I am not likely, however, to sin in this respect, at least for some time, as I hope to leave this country in March, for the United States, and shall of course be under no temptation to write again, even to you.

"The affair of the Maryland stock is in train, and I have now a fair prospect of settling it (as I hope satisfactorily) after much

anxiety, vexation, and difficulty. A week or two more will, I trust, conclude it. I shall not make any communication on this subject to the government of the United States, or of Maryland, until I am enabled to say that the stock has been transferred. Some sacrifice on our part has been found indispensable—but if with that sacrifice the residue can be immediately secured, we ought, in my opinion, to rejoice. That business closed, I shall only wait for a vessel sufficient to accommodate my family, bound to Baltimore. None has yet offered-and I begin to have some fears on that score. I must have patience."

Mr. Pinkney's services in the business of the Bank Stock were suitably acknowledged by the State of Maryland, after his return to this country, as will appear by the following extract from a letter to his brother, Mr. Ninian Pinkney.

"BALTIMORE, Thursday night.

'DEAR N.,—I have received your letter by W., and the others of a prior date. I am perfectly satisfied with the resolution, and have no wish that more should be done. I am grateful to the House of Delegates for their kind and liberal attention to my fortune and character, and should be sorry that any of my particular friends should express any dissatisfaction, or endeavour to procure any addition to the compensation. My desire has always been that the act of the Legislature should not only appear to be, but should, in fact, be perfectly voluntary-unsolicited on my part, or on the part of my family or friends. In this light I consider the resolutions of which you have enclosed me copies; and in this light, I think I cannot but approve of them.

"I thank you for your observations as to Col. Mercer-I have the utmost confidence in his friendly disposition. Tell Mr. Montgomery that I have received his kind letter, and am more obliged to him than I am able to say, for that and other proofs of his regard-which I shall ever bear in mind. I think I shall go to Annapolis on Monday next, but am not sure. The resolutions, however, ought not to be delayed."

On his return to the United States, in August, 1804, Mr. Pinkney immediately resumed with renewed ardour his professional pursuits. During his long residence in England, he had never laid aside his habits of diligent study, and had availed himself of his opportunities of intercourse with the accomplished lawyers of that country, and of frequenting the courts of justice, to enlarge and improve his legal attainments. He was, by his public station, brought into immediate contact with most of the eminent English civilians, and was much in the society of that accomplished and highly gifted man, Sir William Scott. He had

occasion to witness some of the powerful exertions at the bar, of Mr. Erskine, who was then in the meridian of his fame. He was in the constant habit of attending the debates in the two houses of Parliament; a higher standard of literary attainments than had been thought necessary to embellish and adorn the eloquence of the bar in his own country was held up to his observation. He employed his leisure hours in endeavouring to supply what he now found to be the defects of his early education, by extending his knowledge of English and classical literature. He devoted peculiar attention to the subject of Latin prosody, and English elocution; aiming, above all, to acquire a critical knowledge of his own language-its pronunciation-its terms and significations—its synonymes; and in short, its whole structure and vocabulary. By these means

he added to his natural facility and fluency, a copiousness and variety of elegant and appropriate diction, which graced even his colloquial intercourse, and imparted new strength and beauty to his forensic style.

Soon after his return from England, he sought a more ample field for his professional labours, by removing from Annapolis to Baltimore, and by attending the Supreme Court at Washington. In 1805, he was appointed to the office of Attorney-General of the state of Maryland, which he accepted, upon the conditions mentioned in the following letter; and with the view of consulting the feelings, and (as far as possible) reconciling the conflicting claims of two of his friends.

"BALTIMORE, December 22, 1805.

"DEAR N.,-I send by Mr. Wilmot my answer to the letter of the Board, which will of course be considered as an acceptance of the office of Attorney-General.

"I cannot now refuse this office, although personally inconvenient and disadvantageous. My intention is not to touch a farthing of the emoluments of it, but to give them to Mr. Scott; and as soon as Mr. Johnson is constitutionally capable of holding it, to resign the appointment into the hands of those who now offer it to me, to be then disposed of as they shall think proper.

"I trust that this course of conduct has nothing in it which can be disapproved. It is at least disinterested-for I can detive no possible advantage from it, and shall necessarily sacrifice what I might otherwise gain by appearing against the State. I shall take care that the duties of the office are properly discharged by myself personally, when necessary."

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