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I ought to say here, in justice to Mr. Canning, (if indeed it is notsaid with sufficient explicitness in the letter itself, as I think it is,) that he did not attempt, in the course of the interview to which it alludes, to enter into a regular discussion with me of the merits of the Orders in Council; expecting, as he certainly did, that I would present him a note on the whole subject, as I told him I should do, and declaring that he preferred a discussion in writing. Why I afterwards declined to present him such a note my despatch explains."

The solicitude of Mr. Pinkney to accomplish the intentions of his government, in seeking to remove, by pacific means, those obstacles which had been thrown in the way of neutral commerce, by the unjustifiable measures of the belligerent states of Europe, and his anxiety to vindicate the honour and rights of his country, will be apparent from the above extracts, and from the subsequent portions of his private correspondence with Mr. Madison which are given in the Second Part. These will be found to be highly interesting, and to throw great light upon the transactions of the times.*

But the year 1808 passed away without any adequate return for his zealous and persevering endeavours in the important mission with which he had been entrusted. In his letters to his more private friends, the effects of these cares upon his health and spirits are expressed with much sensibility, mingled with the strongest feelings of attachment to the scenes and companions of his youth. The two following letters to his brother,


will show the state of his mind at this interesting period.

"LONDON, April 28th, 1808.

"DEAR N.,-I received a few days ago your very short letter on a very large sheet of paper. I expected a volume, and was obliged to put up with half a dozen lines. This is not well. After all, it is so much clear gain to hear from you; and, giving you credit for good intentions and a good stock of affection, I thank you for your letter, which furnishes much evidence of both. I should have been gratified undoubtedly by a little intelligence about Annapolis, the health of friends, and so forth; but you will give me all these in your next letter; and so we will settle the account.

"I congratulate you on the growth of your daughter. She is, I doubt not, worthy of all your care-and will, I sincerely hope and trust, give you many a delightful hour, employed in watching her improvement, and cultivating and forming her mind and manners. The purest, the most completely unmixed of all our enjoyments; for even its anxieties are happiness!

"How does it happen that J. has not written to me? It is odd enough that I, who seem to have a host of friends, as kind as heart could wish, when I am in Maryland, appear to have none the moment I leave it. This is poor encouragement to travel. I think, if ever I live to get back to the fontes et flumina natæ, this consideration will induce me to make a vow to quit them no more on any errand whatsoever. Even you recollect me only when some striking event forces me, as it were, upon you; and J. of course forgets me, because I keep no cash at the Farmers' Bank. Notwithstanding all this, remember me to him in the most affectionate manner. Tell him I think of him often. How I think of him he need not be told.

"I have been more frequently indisposed within the last six months, than has been usual with me. I am, indeed, just recovered from an attack. Too much employment and some inquietude may have laid me open to these indispositions. The climate does not suit me as well as it did. I hope to do better in future; but these warnings are not to be slighted.


"You have not mentioned the Governor in any of your letYou must like him I am sure; for he is of a liberal, generous temper. I do not meet with your newspapers as often as I could wish; but, from those I have seen, the Governor's conduct appears to have been active, spirited, and judicious on every occasion that has occurred since his first appointment. It was to have been confidently expected that it would be so. His principles have always been those of ardent patriotism; and his mind, naturally strong and vigorous, has been enlightened by great experience. In my letter to him by Mr. Rose, (which, as Mr. Rose did not go to Annapolis as he expected, was not perhaps delivered,) I asked to have the pleasure of hearing from him when he should have a leisure hour which he could not otherwise employ. Will you take an opportunity of intimating this to him? Remind Mr. H. and Mr. D. of me. Tell them that they neglect me; but that I remember them with as much cordial esteem as ever. Where is my friend, Mr. E.? If you should see him, say to him for me a thousand kind things. Inform Mr. M. that I wrote to him last autumn; but fear my letter miscarried. As to Mr. C. he has given me up entirely. There are many other friends of whom I could speak; but I have not time. There is one, however, of whom I will find time to speak; and to her I beg you to say that she shares in all the regard I feel for you."

"LONDON, August 29th, 1808.

"DEAR N.,-I have had the pleasure to receive your letter of the 16th of July, and am happy to see that you do not forget me.

I should reluctantly quarrel with your domestic felicity but I might perhaps be in danger of doing so, if it appeared to engross you so entirely as to leave no leisure for a recollection now and then of us who are absent.

"The letter of which you speak, (enclosing one from Mrs. P.,) came safe to hand; and if it had not, I should have invented half a dozen apologies for you. I know you so well, that, when you appear to neglect me, I am ready to throw the blame upon fortune, upon accident, (who are, I suspect, the same personages,) upon every thing, and every body, rather than upon you.

"My health has been rather worse than I wished it; but I am now convalescent. A short absence from town, (my family are still out of town) sea-air and sea-bathing have put me up again.

"Such a result of my labours for the public, as you would flatter me with, would make me, I doubt not, the healthiest man in England. There is a sort of moral health, however, which crosses, and difficulties, and disappointments, tend very much to promote. I must endeavour to console myself with the opinion that I have laid in a good stock of that, while I was losing some of the other.

"After all this philosophising, I am half inclined to envy you the smooth, even tenour of your life. You are every way happy-at home-abroad Nothing disturbs your tranquillity, far

ther than to show you the value of it.

"Beloved by your family-respected and esteemed every where your official capacity acknowledged-your official exertions successful-what have you to desire? But I have been so tossed about in the world, that, although I am as happy at home as my neighbours, I can hardly be said to have had a fair and decent share of real quiet. The time may come, however, when I too shall be tranquil, and when, freed from a host of importunate cares, that now keep me company whether I will or not, I may look back upon the way I have travelled with a heart at ease, and forward with a Christian's hope. I suspect I am growing serious when I meant to be directly the reverse. Thus, indeed, it is with the great mass of our purposes.

"I am rejoiced that Annapolis holds up its head. In itself the most beautiful, to me the most interesting spot on earth, I would fain believe, that it is doomed to enjoy the honours of old age without its decrepitude. There is not a foot of ground in its neighbourhood which my memory has not consecrated, and which does not produce, as fancy traces it, a thousand retrospections that go directly to the heart. It was the scene of our youthful days. What more can be said? I would have it to be also the scene of my declining years.

“Tell J. that I would write to him if I could--but that I have scarcely leisure for this scrawl. He knows my affections, and

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will take the will for the deed.' I offer him through you, my

felicitations upon the stability and wholesome effects of the Farmers' Bank. Ask him why it is that I do not hear from him? All days are not discount days, and a man may be cashier of the Bank of England, and yet have a moment to spare to those who love him. I beg you to remember me to the Governor and to Dr. G., and to other friends."

In a letter to Mr. Madison, dated January 16th, 1809, speaking of the publication of his official letter of the 21st of September, 1808, on the subject of the embargo, which had been communicated confidentially to Congress, but had found its way to the press, he says:

"I regret that you should have felt a moment's concern on account of the publicity given to my letter. It cannot be of the least importance. I do not believe that it will injure my standing here; but if it should, it can only lead to my recall; and as a recall, under such circumstances, would not imply the disapprobation of my own government, it would give me no pain; and it would most certainly put me to no inconvenience. I need not say how much I value every testimony of your friendship and confidence; but if (as I hope and trust) you will have been called to the office of President, it is my most earnest request that you will not permit that kindness of which I have already had so many proofs, to stand in the way of your views for the public good generally, or for what I am sure will be the same thing, the strength and prosperity of your administration. Send me back to my profession, with your good wishes, whenever it shall be thought expedient, and be assured of my sincere and unalterable attachment."

In a letter to the same of August 19th, 1809, he says:

"It appears from the newspapers that Mr. Adams has been appointed minister to St. Petersburg. I rejoice at this appoint

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