India: The Dairy Revolution : the Impact of Dairy Development in India and the World Bank's Contribution
Portuguese edition (Melhor Saude em Africa: Experiencia e Ensinamentos Colhidos). Poor health in Sub-Saharan Africa has immense economic consequences. Besides the high mortality and disease rates and the pain and suffering it causes, poor health robs the continent of human capital, reduces returns to learning, impedes entrepreneurial activities, and restricts economic growth. This study argues that despite financial constraints, significant improvements are possible in many countries, as has been seen in Benin, Botswana, Kenya, Mauritius, and Zimbabwe. The book also presents positive ideas on how to make these improvements. Better Health in Africa documents lessons learned and best practices in four major areas. 1) African households and communities need the knowledge and resources to recognize and respond effectively to health problems. Threats to health should be made known and countered through public and private services. 2) Human and financial resources must be used more productively by reforming health care systems. Correcting sources of waste and inefficiency must take top priority. 3) Cost-effective packages of basic health services can do much to meet the needs of households and reduce the burden of disease. Networks of local health centers and small hospitals in rural and periurban areas can facilitate delivery. 4) Additonal funds totaling $1.6 billion a year can help those living in Africa's low-income areas obtain basic health services. Cost-sharing can make an important contribution to health equity and the sustainability of health services. The report emphasizes that no government should delay committing itself to the task, although progress toward better health will vary from country to country and no single formula will apply to all. Better Health in Africa presents action plans and yardsticks for measuring progress. The idea of the core, cost-effective package of health services complements World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health with an operationally oriented perspective on health services. The report also reflects the views of organizations such as the World Health Organization and UNICEF that will work together in helping African countries adapt and implement the report's recommendations. Also available: English (ISBN 0-8213-2817-4) Stock No. 12817; French (ISBN 0-8213-2818-2) Stock No. 12818.
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active addition adulteration Anand animal assistance Bank's benefits boards capacity capital collection competition consumers cooperative cost cows Dairy Development dairy industry DCSs demand Development difference direct dollars Economic effects elasticity established estimates Evaluation expected extent families farmers federations Figure free trade funds growth Gujarat higher impact imports income increase India Indian dairy Institute investment Karnataka lait leche less liter loans losses Madhya Pradesh ment milk production million MPUs NDDB Operation Flood organized percent period plants policy changes poor problem processing procurement producer surplus profits reason reported represents Review sample sector shift societies Source structure subsidies supply supply function Table tion unions unit urban villages women World Bank
الصفحة 71 - Vanjani. 1993. When more means less: Assessing the impact of dairy "development" on the lives and health of women in rural Rajasthan (India). Social Science Medicine, 37(1I):1377-I389.
الصفحة 67 - A Success Story." AsiaPacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok. Attwood, DW 1985. "Sociological Aspect of Dairy Development Projects: Report of a Field Study in Madhya Pradesh, India.
الصفحة 71 - Somjee, Geeta, and AH Somjee. 1989. Reaching out to the Poor: The Unfinished Rural Revolution.
الصفحة xvi - For those landless people who own or have been able to purchase a milch animal (a cow or buffalo), it has been a boon.
الصفحة 71 - Sidhu, JS and RS Sidhu (1990). 'Case Studies of Successful and Unsuccessful Primary Co-operative Service Society and Milk Producers' Co-operative Society in Punjab,' Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.
الصفحة ix - In 1996, it involved 9.3 million farmer-members supplying an average of 10,900 metric tons of milk per day through 55,042 functional village cooperative societies to 170 milk producers unions (MPUs) who sold it as liquid milk and processed products.
الصفحة 2 - ... facilities; an extended milk procurement infrastructure; increased outreach of production enhancement activities; and professionalization of management in the dairy institutions. NATIONAL DAIRY DEVELOPMENT BOARD In October 1964, on the occasion of the inauguration of AMUL's cattle feed plant, the then Prime Minister of India, Lai Bahadur Shastri, spent the night as the guest of a village milk cooperative society near Anand. Impressed by the socio-economic changes brought about by the milk cooperatives,...
الصفحة 56 - For the very poor, education seems to be nearly as important as being able to buy enough to eat.