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MAY 12, 1834.]

Oneida county (N. Y.) Memorial.

[H. OF R.

ported to have been, he should have responded to it at that the gentleman should have thought it expedient, in the time. If his colleague had been a little personal in his place, thus wantonly, as I conceive, to have heaped the heat of debate, it might have been, under the circum-unmerited obloquy on any portion of his constituents and stances, somewhat pardonable. If he had, by any happy fellow-citizens. I, however, do not consider it necessary hits of wit, turned his remarks into ridicule, he should that I should enter upon their defence here. The gen have been the last man to have complained. If he had tleman's speech is made for home consumption. There been a little satirical or sarcastic in his remarks, and he it cannot affect them. Here I am persuaded it will not. had had an opportunity of replying, he would have been The manner and temper in which this portion of the peosatisfied, even though he had failed to retort with suc-ple of Mississippi have been brought before this House, cess. Every gentleman, he said, was welcome to all the connected with the fact that the representative who feels advantage he can gain over him in fair debate. But himself called upon thus publicly to assail his constituents, when a cowardly, midnight, political assassin, undertook or any portion of them, for no other reason than that they to stab his reputation in the dark, (although his poniard have presented a memorial, accompanied with some resmight not have pierced him,) by manufacturing for home olutions of a most mild and temperate character, in which consumption, out of the House, falsehoods and misrepre- the representative is not referred to, except in the most sentations, purporting to have been delivered to his face respectful language, asking his co-operation in aid of in open day, on that floor, he felt it to be his duty to hold their views; and when, too, the great reservoirs to which him up to the scorn and contempt of the House and the gentlemen who are inclined to indulge in this sort of deworld. bate may resort for matter and manner is known to the House, the effect will not, I think, be very injurious to them, even here."

After having premised thus much, he considered it his duty to his colleague, as well as to himself, that he should point out the particular misrepresentations contained in the paper to which he referred; for, he said, he was certain that his colleague did not desire to have falsehood promulgated to the world in connexion with his name. He proposed to read such portions of the published speech as were not delivered in that hall, but which had been concocted, by some one, since the publication of his remarks, to which they purported to be in reply.

This paragraph, he said, contained five distinct misrep resentations:

1. He pronounced no "eulogy upon the characters of the gentlemen constituting the committee."

2. He did not "tell the House that these gentlemen, and all others of the State of Mississippi who were opposed to the President, were the federalists of '98, of alien and sedition law memory; nor that they were of the anti-war party, of Hartford convention memory."

3. He brought no "charge, he said, against the people of Mississippi."

4. He did not charge any portion of the people of that State "with entertaining political opinions held by them in utter detestation."

In the last place, the whole paragraph, he said, was false; for scarcely a single sentence or word therein contained was delivered by his colleague at the time pretended.

Mr. P. then read:

He used no such language.
Mr. P. then read as follows:

Mr. PLUMMER then read from Mr. CAGE's speech: "Mr. C. resumed. I did not hear the commencement of the gentleman's speech this morning, not being in my seat when he began it; but the first sound which fell upon my ear, after I was so fortunate as to reach my seat, was a most deserving eulogy upon the characters of the gentlemen constituting the committee which reported the resolutions adopted at the meeting of the citizens of Natchez. He accorded to these gentlemen honor, worth, and respectability. He placed them in an attitude that could not fail to be most gratifying to their warmest "I believe he is not generally suspected of acting friends. It was at least so to me. I thought his eulogy very promptly or decidedly upon any question of magcreditable to his head and his heart. But, alas! how nitude, until he shall have looked well to the effect it is short and evanescent are the honors of this world! These to have upon that overshadowing popularity which he gentlemen were not long permitted to enjoy this enviable has, in the course of his remarks, informed the House he place in the minds of the listeners to the speech of my enjoys in our State. Yet, for the life of me, I cannot honorable colleague. After besmearing them, he com- imagine the channels through which the gentleman has mences by telling the House that, among the honorable derived his information." and high-minded men, he could discover among them the name of but one man who was not now, and who had at all times past, been decidedly opposed to the present "I must be permitted to say, among these good citiChief Magistrate and his administration. He proceeded zens, I know no line of distinction, either personal or to tell the House that these gentlemen, and all others of political, such as the gentleman has thought proper to the State of Mississippi who are opposed to the President, draw in his imagination, and on one side of which he has are the federalists of '98, of alien and sedition law memo-thought proper to place what he is pleased to call the ry-the anti-war party, of Hartford convention memory.working men; to the other, I believe, he has given no Sir, said Mr. C., whatever may be the faults and foibles name. If he means, by working men, the industrious, of the people of Mississippi, or any portion of them, in enterprising, fugal men, of all vocations, then I imagine the opinion of the gentleman, they are, in my estimation, we are all on the same side of the question, and constithe last people on earth obnoxious to the charge the gen- tute the working men, or at least we will say so, as they tleman has thought proper to bring against them on this embrace certainly the most important and interesting occasion. I know no man, of any party or politics, who, portion of society. If the gentleman means, as distin if he were not a participator in the scenes of the last war, guishable from the working men, the non-working men, did not rejoice at our victories and mourn over our de-as that portion of our population that he does not infeats, whose political differences were not merged in the tend to patronise, then, too, do I think he will be in the intense anxiety which he felt in the common cause. Yet, majority; for, however much we may lament over the sir, one of the representatives of such a people has been foibles and imperfections of our fellow-men, there are induced to charge them, for reasons and under circum- few among us who will be found the advocates of the stances best known to himself, with entertaining political idle and dissolute, whose conduct, in reference to their opinions held in utter detestation by every individual families, and those dependent upon them, is pronounced, against whom they are made, and which charge is utterly by the highest authority, to be worse than that of an false and unfounded." infidel.'

"It is a matter of deep regret with me, said Mr. C.,

"If the gentleman intends the line to be drawn be

H. OF R.]

Oneida county (N. Y.) Memorial.

[MAY 12, 1834

tween the rich and the poor, then the distinction is an "Whilst my colleague was alluding to the course o invidious one, and should not be permitted to insinuate the Legislature of Mississippi, in reference to the best itself into any portion of the society of this free and inde- question, if it had suited his purposes equally well, hi pendent Government, where the road to wealth and fame might have told the House what took place in tha is equally open to all. Besides, it would be a political body in December last. As he has thought propert distinction that cannot be defined. How much, or how pass over that part of the history of their actings as. little, must a man be worth to belong to this new-fangled doings on this subject, I will, in support of my ow party of my colleague? And is it not more perfectly course, and to give to the House some idea of what clear that, if such is made the test of party, there can be the probable portion of the people of that State whe no permanency in it? Every man aspires to a competency the gentleman has sought to place in so odious a b for himself and family. Should his industry and enter- before them, inform them that, during the session re prise secure this to him, beyond a given amount, then he ferred to, a resolution was introduced into the Hoc ceases to be of the one party, without any effort of the of Representatives, instructing their Senators, and re mind, or the change of a solitary political opinion. On questing their Representatives, to vote against a recta the other side, accident or misfortune, under the opera-ter of the United States Bank. It was laid upon th tion of this political thermometer, must decide the vic- table in that House. The Senate, perceiving that t tim's political station. In fine, sir, said Mr. C., the resolution was not likely again to be called up in th people of Mississippi, as I recognise them, are all the House, introduced a resolution of an opposite character working class, in some vocation, and among them much instructing their Senators and requesting their Repre the largest proportion cultivate the soil, upon whose sentatives to vote for the recharter, with such mod prosperity essentially depend the happiness and prosper- tions as Congress might deem proper. This resolutio ity of all. They are an enterprising and thrifty people, passed the Senate by a majority of nine to three, w and, if permitted to pursue the even tenor of their way, sent to the House, and there laid upon the table, wa under a just and wise administration of the constitution the one which originated in that body. My correspon and laws of their country, they will be prosperous and ent adds, that, upon a joint vote of the two House happy." there would have been a majority of two in favor of th recharter.'"

This, said Mr. P., has all been fabricated since the speech was delivered.

He again read:

"Indeed, sir, if the gentleman has not mistaken his growth and strength in Mississippi, his opposition to, and aid in, any measure, must settle the question, so far as Mississippi is concerned. I am, said Mr. C., as little disposed to give my advice to my colleague, as he is to me. I will, however, take the liberty of saying to that gentleman, not to lay the "flattering unction to his soul," that, because he is strong in the affections of these people, they will therefore permit him to experiment upon their affections, attack their best interests, and sap the very foundation of their prosperity. No, sir; and though he may be the largest, strongest, and most beautiful proportioned tree in all their political forest, yet, if it be found that his beauty and ornament is to be sustained at too great a sacrifice, these people may think proper to relieve themselves of the dense shade, with its chilling influence, which withers and blasts every flower in its reach, extending itself even to the destruction of every cotton plant, in every field in that fertile region of the country."

No such language used by my colleague, said Mr. P.; all made up since.

So far from using this language, he said, his colleag did not hint at a single idea therein contained. Again, said Mr. P., speaking of his vote on some in portant question connected with the bank, the author the speech says:

"I hoped to have had him on our side; I found! there upon one occasion, on what was considered, some extent, a test vote; and this was some time after t letter was written. I hoped to have had him on o side throughout-it was quite reasonable that it shou be so."

Mr. P. said he had never given any such vote, and tha his colleague made no such charge. Mr. P. then read

"It may have occurred to him, however, that this wa a fit occasion, and fair, to leave some impression at its without stating the fact, that he had seen some servic and that he was not afraid of fighting. If he has succee ed in making this impression, I, at least, shall not distor his repose under it, by attempting to add to, or t from, his brow the laurels which, in his imagination, h may have won, by saying what he has or has not done the field of Mars. I shall take the liberty of asking not a division of the question, a division of the perso and, so far as I shall respond, speak alone for myself." All a mistake; all fabricated since.

Mr. P. begged leave to call the attention of the Hos particularly to the following paragraph. It is eloque and some one will certainly recollect it. He then read.

Mr. PLUMMER then read the following extracts: "Sir, this may not be a libel upon the gentleman himself, but it is a most egregious one upon me, if he intends to convey the idea, by the interrogatory propounded, that such was my course; and not less so upon the people of Mississippi, who have honored me with their confidence. "It was in this situation, said Mr. C., where my m I cannot believe, sir, that the gentleman himself pursued was fired with, and received its strongest impress for, that course, and I have but one reason for doubting it; love of liberty. It was there where I was taught and that is, that I do not believe the high-minded, honor- we were engaged in a conflict in defence of our rights 4 able freemen of Mississippi could be brought to support freemen. It was there I heard and believed it-there any man for a high and responsible station, however large when the tocsin of war should cease to sound, and pe.. and beautiful he may have grown, or however much he be restored to our land and country, that we should may have strengthened with that growth, either phys-permitted to return to the walks and duties of civic 1 ically or mentally, who would thus consent to prostitute where we might enjoy freedom of thought, of opin the noblest gift of God to man, immolate that divine fac-and of action, uncontrolled by any other influences that ulty which raises him above the rest of the animal crea- those of moral rectitude, amenable at all times, for an tion, and thus consent to become the willing instrument abuse of our liberty, to the laws of the best Government of party, regardless of consequences, either to them or if wisely administered, that has existed since the creatio their common country."

of man.

To this happy and peaceful state I have r Mr. P. said that his colleague did not use any such lan-been restored; and am now, thank God! enjoying the guage when he delivered his speech. liberty, and exercising the freedom of opinion and action, the birth-right of every American citizen, 8

Mr. P. again read from the same speech:

MAY 12, 1834.]

Oneida county (N. Y.) Memorial.

[H. OF R.

any man or party," right or wrong. The people of Mississippi would disdain to ask such a pledge. The gentleman was not required to make it.

The CHAIR interposed, and arrested his remarks, as transcending the permission granted by the House. Mr. PLUMMER thereupon asked leave of the House

there is none to make me afraid.' It was there, too, I was taught, by the force of illustrious examples, never to shun responsibility, when the good of the service in which we are engaged requires that we should meet it. How we shall meet the responsibility forced upon us all by the question now under consideration, is a matter about which gentlemen may and do differ. I hope we shall to proceed; but it was negatived. all meet it in a spirit of frankness and candor, and with an eye single to its merits, and the great interests involv-ply, said that it was at all times, and upon all occasions, a ed in it."

Not one word of this elegant extract, he said, was spoken on that floor. All concocted since.

Mr. CAGE, having obtained leave of the House to re

painful thing to him to be drawn into personal or political contact with any individual earthly, and it was particularly so when that individual was his colleague; one who In addition to the extracts which he had read, the most had been selected by the people of Mississippi to attend of the remainder of the pretended speech of his colleague, to their interests upon that floor. It would be far more he said, had been fabricated since that time. But a small desirable that her Representatives should harmonize perportion of it was delivered on that floor. It was the sonally, apparently at least, and should agree in their result of some eight days' labor. If he might be allowed efforts to advance her interest. That they should differ to express an opinion, he would say that it was the joint in their sentiments on political subjects of vast concern, effort of congenial spirits, afraid to meet the real question was, perhaps, what might be expected; but that they before the people of Mississippi. He said it was a wanton should expose themselves before the House and before and premeditated attack on him, unparalleled in the his- the nation, and thus destroy all the joint influence they tory of parliamentary speech-making. However unin-might otherwise exert for the good of their State, was teresting it might be to the House, in consequence of his deplorable.

peculiar situation he begged the indulgence of gentle- Mr. C. said that he felt the immense difficulty that was men while he briefly responded to some of the general thrown around his conduct on the present occasion. He charges, intimations, and innuendoes, contained in the pre- knew what was due to the dignity of that House, and tended speech of his colleague. When he had the honor what he owed to himself as one of its members, and he of addressing the House on the presentation of the reso- would not sacrifice either, by entering into a personal Iations from Natchez the other day, he thought that he collision on that floor. He had witnessed too much of it was distinctly understood by the House and his honorable in that House, and witnessed it with pain, and he never colleague. On that occasion, he said, his colleague had would descend from the honorable and dignified station tated that those who composed the meeting were emi- which his constituents had assigned to him there, to notice dently well qualified to judge of the cause of the pecu-personal and abusive allusions to their Representative. iary distress which pervaded the whole country, and the That hall had never been designed for such purposes. wishes of the people, or something to that effect, and It had been erected, that therein the Representatives of idded that he concurred with them in opinion.

the people might deliberate on great and weighty subMr. P. said he differed from them and his colleague in jects connected with the interests of the country; and he pinion, and felt it due to those of his constituents com- would not detract from the dignity of such a design by posing the meeting, as well as to himself, that he should replying to personal remarks. In reply to what the genexplain the reasons for the course he intended to pursue. tleman had said respecting a pretended speech, he would His colleague had written home a letter which had found observe that, when he had presented a memorial from his Is way into the newspapers, and was trumpeted forth to constituents, its consideration had, on the motion of his he world by the opposition papers as positive evidence colleague, been postponed, and, on the subsequent petihat the people of Mississippi had turned against the ad-tion day, he had entered the hall, not knowing that the amistration, and were opposed to its measures. In these consideration of the memorial would at that time be in imes of high party excitement, he said he was in honor order, when, to his surprise, he had found his colleague sound, as one of the Representatives from that State, to on the floor, and engaged in debating the subject of that rescue her from such unjust imputations. For that pur- memorial. He was without a single note of preparation; pose, and for the purpose of repelling a charge made on and being thus taken completely aback, he had made at majority of the members of that House, that their course the time such observations in reply as then occurred to was "the effect of party trammels," and that "they him. The gentleman had said that the speech which were under the influence of decided party discipline," it subsequently appeared in the Intelligencer as his, was became necessary for him to speak of the situation of the written, but not delivered. Now, Mr. C. would not political parties of the State he had the honor in part of vouch that all that was contained in that speech had been epresenting, and the circumstances under which he was spoken upon the floor of the House. He had drawn it elected, not for the purpose of showing his "overshadow-out as he had thought proper at the time. The gentleng popularity" among the people, nor his "irresistible man complained that he did not know whom to make reafluence" in the Legislature, of which his colleague sponsible for what it contained. He now said to that genspoke, and which he was not disposed to dispute about, tleman that he (Mr. C.) was responsible, and he alone, bat in justification of his course as a Representative on for every thing contained in it.

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that floor, and for the purpose of repelling the insinua- The gentleman had spoken of it as the "joint production, so far as he was concerned, of being under the in- tion of congenial spirits:" to this Mr. C. would reply that fluence of "party trammels,' or party discipline." he there pledged his honor (which was nearly all that he He adverted to the circumstances under which his col-possessed) that every sentence, word, and letter of that league was elected, and the means by which he obtained speech was his own production. Would the gentleman, the votes of the honest and unsuspecting citizens, for the on the honor he had pledged, say as much for his own? purpose of showing that he, [Mr. CAGE,] instead of the Mr. C. felt it due to the editors of the National Intelliindividual addressing the House, was misrepresenting the gencer, who had published that speech or document, or wishes of the people of Mississippi, (if there was any whatever else the gentleman pleased to call it, to make misrepresentation,) as had been charged in the public this avowal. Mr. C. said he had none of that ridiculous newspapers on the authority of his letter. Mr. P. said pride which some persons manifested in respect to what he did not accuse his colleague of pledging himself "to came from him. This he could assure the House and the go the whole animal, or blindly to follow the dictates of gentleman, that every thing purporting to come from VOL. X.-253

H. OF R.]

Oneida county (N. Y.) and Adams county (Pa.) Memorials.

[MAY 12, 1834.

him did come from him. The gentleman had called he had used was too plain to be misunderstood. He had portions of that speech false, and said that it was a fabri- not intended the speech he had published as an interfecation. Now, the speech had come out under his name, rence in any way between his colleague and his constitu as his speech, and he was responsible for it, there and ents; and it now gave him great pleasure to find that his every where. He was now responsible for it. The ed- colleague had relieved him from that multiplicity of per itors of the paper had never seen the speech till it was sonalities he had heaped upon him. No man was ever delivered to them; and he presumed that their reporter more disposed to avoid personal collisions than he was, had not made himself so busy as to tell them that it had when he could do it properly, and in an honorable not been prepared by him; and, even if he had, he took manner. it for granted that the editors would have published it notwithstanding.

The gentleman had said that the speech was intended| to injure him with his constituents. It had been intended for no such purpose. It had been intended as the best argument Mr. C. could offer with a view to sustain himself, and to show why he had taken the course he pursued. If that gentleman did nothing himself to injure himself with his constituents, Mr. C. should certainly never make the effort. He would take no such course; and the gentleman had mistaken his character when he had spoken of him as a midnight assassin, stabbing in the dark. As he was anxious to sustain his honor before that House and the nation, he wished them to believe that he was no midnight assassin, either of character or of person. So far as this representation might go home to his own State, it would not be believed. Mr. C. said he had no imputations to throw back in return upon his colleague. He would not consent to make that floor a place for indecorous language to any one; and he would not himself be guilty of that which he should condemn in others. He would say, however, in reference to his former speech, written or spoken, that he cared nothing about it. He alone was responsible for any thing it contained.

Mr. PLUMMER now rose to reply, but The CHAIR interposed, and said that the matter could go no further.

Mr. PLUMMER said he only wished to explain. The CHAIR replied that the gentleman had already had an opportunity to explain, and could not proceed unless by the express permission of the House.

Mr. PLUMMER thereupon asked leave of the House. Mr. CLAYTON objected. He said he had a memorial in his pocket, which he was anxious to present; but, if these personal explanations were to go on, the day would be wasted, and he and other gentlemen should lose the opportunity.

Mr. CAGE said that he hoped the gentleman would be permitted to explain. If he had any thing to state which would tend to allay the unpleasant feeling which had been produced on either side, he wished to hear it. Mr. CLAYTON thereupon withdrew his objection; and the question being put by the CHAIR,

Mr. BROWN, of New York, moved to lay the memorial and resolution on the table.

Mr. SELDEN remonstrated, and wished only for a vote, without debate.

Mr. BROWN refusing to withdraw his motion,
Mr. WILLIAMS demanded the yeas and nays.
Mr. CLAY moved a call of the House; but it was nega

The yeas and nays were then taken, and had been pro claimed by the CHAIR to be yeas 90, nays 90; and that the CHAIR Voted in the affirmative,

When Mr. GARLAND, who had voted in the negative, but whose name had, by mistake, been recorded as in the affirmative, had the record corrected. Whereupon, Mr. HAWES changed his vote from the negative to the affirmative.

This left the state of the vote as before, as follows: YEAS-Messrs. William Allen, Beale, Bean, Beards ley, Beaumont, Bockee, Bodle, Boon, Bouldin, Brown, Bunch, Burns, Bynum, Cambreleng, Chaney, China, Samuel Clark, Clay, Clayton, Cramer, Day, P. Dickerson, Dunlap, Felder, Forester, Foster, Fowler, William K. Fuller, Galbraith, Gamble, Gholson, Gillet, Gilmer, Gordon, Joseph Hall, T. H. Hall, Halsey, Hamer, Harr son, Hathaway, Hawkins, Hawes, Howell, Abel Hunting ton, Jarvis, Noadiah Johnson, Seaborn Jones, Benjamin Jones, Kavanagh, Kinnard, Lane, Lansing, Luke Lea Thomas Lee, Loyall, Joel K. Mann, Mardis, Moses Mason McIntire, McKay, McKim, McKinley, McVean, Miller Robert Mitchell, Page, Parks, Parker, Patton, Patterson Peyton, Franklin Pierce, Pinckney, Plummer, Pols Schenck, Schley, Shinn, Standefer, Sutherland, Willia Taylor, William P. Taylor, John Thomson, Turrill, Val Houten, Wagener, Wardwell, Webster, Whallon, C. P White-90.

NAYS-Messrs. John Quincy Adams, Heman Allen John J. Allen, Chilton Allan, Anthony, Ashley, Banks Barber, Barnitz, Barringer, Bates, Baylies, Beaty, Bin ney, Briggs, Bull, Burges, Cage, Campbell, Chambers Chilton, William Clark, Clowney, Connor, Corwin, Coul ter, Crane, Darlington, Davenport, Deberry, Derning Denny, Dickson, Duncan, Horace Everett, Fillmore Philo C. Fuller, Fulton, Garland, Gorham, Graham Griffin, Hiland Hall, Hard, Hardin, James Harper, Hazel Mr. PLUMMER had leave to explain. He said that tine, Henderson, Hiester, J. W. Huntington, Willia the remarks he had before made had been directed to Cost Johnson, King, Laporte, Lewis, Lincoln, Lore what he had then termed a pretended speech. His col- Lucas, Lyon, Martindale, Marshall, McCarty, McKenna league had now avowed himself to be the author of it. In Mercer, Milligan, Moore, Murphy, Osgood, Potts, Ram speaking of the author of the speech as it appeared, he say, Reed, Rencher, Selden, William B. Shepard, W had used the term midnight political assassin. That was Slade, C. Slade, Sloane, Spangler, Stewart, Philemo all he meant. He had used the term assassin in a politi- Thomas, Turner, Tweedy, Vance, Vinton, Watmough cal sense; but, since his colleague now admitted himself Elisha Whittlesey, Wilde, Williams, Wilson, Wise to be the author of every part of that speech, and as the Young-90. editors of the paper had been exonerated from the responsibility, Mr. P. was willing to withdraw the remarks he had made. He now understood the gentleman to say that he had no design to injure him, either in the House, or at home. With that understanding he withdrew the remarks he had made. There was no unkindness in his bosom toward any one; and if he had rightly understood his colleague as meaning to say that he had not designed to injure him, he withdrew what he had said.

Mr. CAGE replied that he did not pretend to say either more or less than he had spoken. The language

The SPEAKER Voting in the affirmative, the memoria from Oneida county, and Mr. SELDEN's resolution, there upon were laid upon the table.


Mr. CHAMBERS remarked that he had been request ed to present to the House the proceedings of a publ meeting of the citizens of Adams county, Pennsylvania held at Gettysburg on the 5th April last. These pro ceedings (said Mr. C.) I have had in my possession fo some weeks; but, under the rules of the House, and the

MAY 12, 1834.]

York county (Pa.) Proceedings.

[H. OF R.

order of business, I had no opportunity to present them Committee of Ways and Means, but, as they declare and until now. The call for this meeting was addressed to desire, by restoring the public deposites to the Bank of those who were opposed to the arbitrary measures of the the United States, and rechartering that institution, under Executive respecting the public deposites and the cur- proper modifications and restrictions. They express the rency of the country. The call was met by the citizens opinion that a national bank is essential, not only to the in the spirit that made it. Party animosities were sub- successful operations of the Treasury Department, but dued, party contests overlooked, and party names sup- to the regulation of the currency and exchange of a pressed, at a meeting of citizens, where party separation trading community. They also say that, in their opinion, has been maintained with a zeal and pertinacity not sur- the scheme of a hard money currency is not now pracpassed in any part of Pennsylvania. They professed to ticable, and, as a medium of exchange, it is inferior to a assemble as freemen, to express their opinion of public sound paper currency. They also except to the inconmeasures, and to present their complaints to their repre- sistency and insincerity of those who profess to be in fasentatives for consideration and redress. The meeting vor of a hard money currency, when they are proposing was not only large, but I have good authority for saying numerous new State banks with large capitals. They have that it was the largest political meeting ever witnessed in also testified their respect for the official conduct of the that county. It was highly respectable. I recognise late Secretary of the Treasury, W. J. Duane, who exhibitamongst the officers gentlemen of deservedly high repu- ed in his high official station an integrity and indepentation for intelligence and integrity, and who have enjoy-dence, which, however rare in these degenerate times, are ed a large share of public confidence. Amongst the yet essential to the faithful discharge of official duty. officers of the meeting was a revolutionary officer who Such are some of the sentiments entertained and expressed has numbered more than eighty years, and whose aged at the public meeting whose proceedings I am pleased to spirit brought its feeble frame to a public meeting, where present for the consideration of this House. he might still bear his testimony in defence of the con- On the same subject, Mr. Speaker, I have received within stitution and laws against arbitrary Government. The the last few days memorials signed by 852 citizens of the meeting was composed principally of farmers, who sus same county. They represent that, whilst pecuniary distain, educate, and apportion their families from the profits tress and embarrassment was at a distance from them, of a soil cultivated by the labor of their own hands, and they did not complain; but that it has now reached their who are the great pillars of our political system; but own doors, and that what was speculation is now reality. at it were also laborers, merchants, mechanics, manu- Business transactions are now paralyzed by a suspicious facturers, and others, who take and feel an interest in a currency, and the want of credit and confidence. All Sound currency, uninterrupted trade, steady markets, and this mischief they attribute to the removal of the public a faithful administration of the powers of Government. deposites from the Bank of the United States, and to the These assembled freemen affirm their constitutional right pursuit of an experiment and policy which is bringing to express their opinions, and to complain to their repre- ruin alike upon the agriculturist, the mechanic, the day sentatives of their grievances. They represent that they laborer, and merchant. They ask Congress to restore the are suffering from a deranged currency, interrupted public deposites to the Bank of the United States, to retrade, low and declining markets, and the loss of mutual charter that bank, with such modifications as may be deemcredit and confidence in business, between man and man; in- ed necessary, or to extend the present charter for a dustry is deprived of its ordinary employment and reward, time, until Congress shall devise a plan that will afford fuand enterprise is fettered and chained. Whilst they com- ture safety to all the great interests that are liable to be plain of these grievances, they attribute them to the re-affected by a derangement of the currency. moval of the public deposites from the Bank of the The citizens of this county have no connexion with United States, and the arbitrary and unauthorized experi- the Bank of the United States, either as stockholders or ment which the President has assumed to make and pur- debtors, and are as independent of it as any citizens of Sue on the currency of the country. They declare that these United States. Their movement and action on this the removal of those deposites was, in their opinion, un-subject was the spontaneous one of a free people, who called for by any reasons of expediency or security, and had been made to feel the ruinous policy of the Execuwas a violation of public faith. They believe that a sub- tive.

ject of infinitely more concern than pecuniary embarrass

I hope the House will give to this expression of public ment and sacrifices of property is presented to the Ameri- opinion and complaint the attention and consideration can people in the question whether they are to have a which they eminently deserve, from a regard to the num Government under a constitution and laws, or dependent ber and respectability of the memorialists.

On the will and responsibility of an individual; and they The proceedings were then laid upon the table, and orpledge themselves, at this meeting, to suspend their par-dered to be printed.


ty animosities, and unite for the common purpose of restoring the constitution and laws to their high place, maintaining the public faith, and relieving a suffering, Mr. BARNITZ presented the proceedings of two pubcommunity. Of this pledge, there was the best evidence lic meetings lately held in the county of York, in Pennin the names of the officers and actors at this meeting, sylvania, and stated that they were respectable in number who, in October last, were arrayed against each other at as well as character. The one was held in the western the polls in all the bitterness of party. Did the rule of section of the county, at Hanover, a flourishing incorpothe House allow me, I should be disposed to pay a tribute rated town, composed principally of enterprising meto the liberality and independence of these my fellow-chanics, and surrounded by a highly improved agricultucitizens, who are, and deserve to be, freemen. They ex-ral district, on which the town depends principally for its press their alarm at the attempts made to excite a preju- support and prosperity. The other meeting was held in dice against the Senate, which represents the sovereignty the eastern section of the county, in Hallam township, of the States in the National Government; and also at the and was composed of independent farmers, and others evasion by the Executive of the counsel and concurrence connected with the agricultural interests of the county. of that body, as provided by the constitution, in appoint- He begged permission to state that the presiding officer ments to office. They ask relief from Congress for a of the Hanover meeting had always heretofore been a zeal. suffering country, and call upon us not to adjourn or ous supporter of General Jackson, and also that the preseparate until some effectual remedy for that relief is de- siding officer of the other meeting had been his warm vised, not by the negative "let-us-alone" policy of the original friend and supporter. One of those who acted

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