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filled by those anxious to hear him. Although he consumed but half an hour, yet the audience, while delighted by his wit, was instructed by a general survey of our relations with the Russian Government, at all times important.' The comparison of Mr. Randolph to the comet, is very appropriate. "The crafty Secretary of State, (Mr. Van Buren,) feared the comet might again return, and visit his political hemisphere. He had seen it blaze in perihelium,

With fear of change perplexing men in power.'

He deemed it wise to remove this star of malign influence to another sky; that the people of other regions might trace its eccentric path, and, if possible, mark out its winding course." "

2

Immediately after Mr. Burges concluded, he was attacked by Mr. J. S. Barbour and Mr. Coke of Virginia, Mr. Wayne of Georgia, and Mr. Cambreleng of New-York. As soon as he could obtain the floor, he replied to each of these gentlemen; and especially to the latter, in a style never excelled for its refined, yet powerful sarcasm."

A public dinner was given to him in April, 1831, at Providence, immediately after his return from Washington. On this occasion, he gave his constituents a brief account of his stewardship; referring to the efforts made during the session of 1830-31 in behalf of the Judiciary of the United States, of Treaties, and of every measure, by which the interests, honor and glory of our common country are sustained. In its views and sentiments, this Address is confined chiefly to the politics of Rhode-Island. It was made to influence the then approaching State Election, and it had its intended effect; proving in this, as in other cases, the influence Mr. Burges exercises over his constituents.*

'See Part II.

2 This Speech was published in all sections of the Union, and commended for its perspicacity and eloquence.

3 This Speech is in Part II.

4 A large number of citizens of New-York invited him to a public dinner, in March, 1831. This was a voluntary tribute to worth and learning. In the invitation, the Committee expressed admiration of the able and eloquent exposition of the Law of Nations made by him during the session of 1830-31, and the independence manifested in all his efforts to expose corruption and usur

Near the conclusion, there is a passage indicating the tone of his feelings, which could not be repressed, even on such an occasion. "The place of our birth," says he, "is ever dear to memory. The green hill-top, from which the young eye first. looked at the rising sun; the brook, the forest, the field, where in early life we have sported or labored, I know, cannot be forgotten. Indeed, this love for the land of our birth, is the highest pledge which we can give, that faith and allegiance shall be kept, with the land of our adoption. We can, it is true, though not without a sigh, depart from the graves of our fathers; but, oh! who can ever tear himself from the tomb of his children!" This allusion so beautiful, united with his manner, touched every heart, and called forth a spontaneous note of sympathy. The graves of our fathers are indeed sacred, and the inscription on the monument reared to their memory is cherished :—but pation. The President of the day, Gen. Jacob R. Van Rensselaer, observed, "that the company had assembled to perform a pleasing and acceptable service. They had met, not for the purpose of bowing at the footstool of power, to deprecate its wrath, or implore its mercy ; nor yet to ask a participation of its favors; but for the purpose of bearing testimony, in favor of an individual, who, with an ardor, a zeal, and talent seldom surpassed, or even equalled, had ventured to attack the enemy in his strong-hold, and strip him of the false covering under which he had deluded and deceived the people.”

Upon this occasion Mr. Burges made an excellent Address. He observed, that from his earliest recollection, the approbation of his fellow-citizens had enlivened his hopes, cheered his exertions, and been dear to his heart.— Whether guiding the plough, or wielding the instruments of mechanic labor; whether engaged in forensic toils, at the solicitation of friends, or in the service of our common country, that approbation had been among his most engaging motives.

A public dinner was given a few days previous in the same hall, to a distinguished Senator, Mr. Webster. In alluding to the circumstance, Mr. Burges happily remarked, that the Constitution of our country, had recently from the same place where he then stood, received such exposition and eulogium, and so perfect and finished, as neither to require, nor to admit addition or improvement. The boldest artist of Greece, never attempted to give a new excellence to the Minerva of Phidias.

Considering the great principles of the Constitution as settled and established, he discussed some of its provisions as they have been reduced to practice, under the several administrations of the General Government; and especially how they were sustained by the existing administration.

the tomb of our children, whose faculties were expanding, who promised blessings to declining years, oh! who can forget how they went, one by one, to that land, where the cares and passions of this world do not reach. The tomb erected by filial love, and consecrated by filial affection, is the chosen symbol by which virtue and piety may be illustrated and transmitted. It is the spot where friends may make their pilgrimage, and be consoled. Over its silent, yet eloquent marble, the winds may sweep, and the storms may rage; but the soul that sleeps there, will not awake, until a new and brighter morning.

On the Fourth of July, 1831, Mr. Burges addressed the citizens of Providence. In his discourse on that occasion, he considered the history of our country as the epitaph of its illustrious founders. A minute narrative of the events of the Revolution was not deemed necessary; not because they ought not to be remembered; for they cannot be forgotten. They will be told by millions to listening millions, yearly, daily, hourly, from age to age. Those events, and their effects, are the foundation of our national literature, the theme of popular applause, the cause of gratitude and reverence.

The general topic of this Oration was, some of the principles which produced our Revolution, and some of the events which have followed it; disclosing to us, how much the people have yet to perform, before they will have completed that beautiful Temple of National Freedom, the foundations of which were laid broad and deep, by our fathers. The effect produced upon the assembly, by the following passage, can never be forgotten. It seemed as if the voice of Tully was indeed speaking of "the first day of war"—of the battles of Lexington, and Bunker Hill, and Yorktown. You could almost see thrones tottering, at the arousing spirit of liberty-almost feel the bland and animating gale of freedom breathed over the land of Livy and Tacitus; rejoice that the birth-place of eloquence and song, like her own Pallas, again stood erect among the nations; and read the inspiring sentiment, which seemed to be inscribed in letters of gold, on the wing of the awakening eagle, under which Poland marched to battle.

"I see a few men here," says Mr. Burges, "who must remember the first day of war. It is the oldest event alive in my recollection. Though distant from the field twice the length of this State; yet, the alarm reached our little hamlet before the sun went down. Every cheek was pale; but every eye was on fire. 'Lexington' was the gathering word; and the name flew from man to man, from colony to colony, as the lightning shoots along the dark bosom of the summer cloud. Almost at once, one spirit pervaded the whole country, and while our enemies were taking counsel to subdue us one by one, we had become a nation. Bunker Hill was next the battle cry; and field after field, gave each a new word of war, until the roar of the last cannon, the shout of the last victory was heard; and the last sword of the enemy delivered up at Yorktown.

"What are some of the effects produced by our Revolution? Surrounding nations looked anxiously on while the great controversy was on trial; and at the moment of success, the light of our triumph, rising high and glorious, was seen by the people in regions the most distant. Under this light, the great principles of our Revolution have spread, and extended; and that improvement in the political condition of nations, then commenced, has, from that hour up to the present moment, been in progress. Letters have been and now continually are disseminating knowledge; men have made many discoveries concerning their rights; and are making mighty efforts to regain them. France, after years of anarchy, blood, and iron despotism, seems at last to have succeeded in establishing constitutional freedom. In other parts of Europe, liberty is awakening from the slumber of ages. At every movement of the arousing spirit, some throne may be seen tottering; and you may hear the shout of some outraged, some hoping nation. Spain may yet shake from her bosom the polluting power of the Bourbon. Twice since Canova wrought the form of Washington in Italian marble, the bland and animating gale of freedom has breathed over that glorious land of Livy and Tacitus. We have almost heard the divine voice of Tully; we have almost seen the crimson steel of BruThe birth-place of song and eloquence, the region of arts

tus.

and arms, Greece, so many ages bent to the earth with chains, is free; walks again on continent and island, erect, like her own Pallas, in native majesty; and she, who was the ancient teacher of all other nations, is now the lovely disciple of our

own.

"Would you find a country consecrated by the imperishable names of her patriots and defenders? Then look for the cradle of Sobieski, and Kosciusco. Glorious Sarmatia! thou art this day, as we were, when this day, like the passover of God's own people, was set apart from every day in the sun's whole course; and as a perpetual festival, hallowed and consecrated to freedom. The principles of our revolution, and the very name of the United States of America, seem to be inscribed, in blazing gold, on the wing of every eagle under which Poland marches to battle. Could we believe that the spirits of the just made perfect,' might ever again, in human form, visit the sunshine of this lower world, how could we doubt that our Washington is now directing the storm of war' in another hemisphere; and leading another nation to victory and independence? In the hero of Warsaw, who has not seen a like devotedness of patriotism, and a kindred skill in warfare: the sudden and silent seizure of events; the cautionary delay; the patience of endurance; and all other, the illustrious excellencies of the great Fabius of our country? God of Armies! shelter, we beseech thee, cover that head in the day of battle; and give, once more, give success to the cause of Washington."

The Federal Adelphi of Rhode-Island, a Society connected with Brown University, invited Mr. Burges to deliver before them the Anniversary Address, in September, 1831; which invitation he accepted. The successive calls on his time, however, left him but a few days to write what he intended to speak on that occasion. The very papers to which he had first committed his thoughts, he was obliged to carry with him to the delivery, and without the slightest correction, the discourse was published, at the earnest solicitation of the Society.

Though prepared for a particular occasion, and intended in its general thoughts and suggestions, for the exclusive benefit

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