Henry Holt and Company, 1893 - 478 من الصفحات
"In preparing the following abridgment of my larger work, the Principles of Psychology, my chief aim has been to make it more directly available for class-room use. For this purpose I have omitted several whole chapters and rewritten others. I have left out all the polemical and historical matter, all the metaphysical discussions and purely speculative passages, most of the quotations, all the book-references, and (I trust) all the impertinences, of the larger work, leaving to the teacher the choice of orally restoring as much of this material as may seem to him good, along with his own remarks on the topics successively studied. Knowing how ignorant the average student is of physiology, I have added brief chapters on the various senses. In this shorter work the general point of view, which I have adopted as that of 'natural science, ' has, I imagine, gained in clearness by its extrication from so much critical matter and its more simple and dogmatic statement. About two fifths of the volume is either new or rewritten, the rest is 'scissors and paste.' I regret to have been unable to supply chapters on pleasure and pain, aesthetics, and the moral sense. Possibly the defect may be made up in a later edition, if such a thing should ever be demanded"--Preface.
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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
active acts actual amount appear association attention become brain called cause certain chapter color comes complete condition connected consciousness course direction distinct duration entirely event example excited exist experience eyes fact familiar feeling felt give given grow habit hand happens hear idea illusion imagination immediately impression improve instance interest knowledge learning length less look matter means memory mental method mind movement never object observed occasion once organ original particular passing past paths perceive perception permanent persons phenomenon picture possible practical present probably pure reason recall recollection relations remember reproduced result retain retention seems seen sensation sense sensible short side similar simply sort sound successive suggest suppose thing thought tion touch turn usually various visual week whole
الصفحة 107 - Seize the very first possible opportunity to act on every resolution you make, and on every emotional prompting you may experience in the direction of the habits you aspire to gain. It is not in the moment of their forming, but in the moment of their producing motor effects, that resolves and aspirations communicate the new "set
الصفحة 355 - My theory, on the contrary, is that the bodily changes follow directly the perception of the exciting fact, and that our feeling of the same changes as they occur is the emotion.
الصفحة 301 - James sees now the primordial « fact of our immediate experience » to be that of « the specious present », « the practically cognized present is no knife-edge », but a saddle-back, with a certain breadth of its own on which we sit perched, and from which we look in two directions into time.
الصفحة 295 - If any man has the faculty of framing in his mind such an idea of a triangle as is here described, it is in vain to pretend to dispute him out of it, nor would I go about it. All I desire is, that the reader would fully and certainly inform himself whether he has such an idea or no.
الصفحة 139 - But as the individuals who carry the images fall naturally into classes, we may practically say that he has as many different social selves as there are distinct groups of persons about whose opinion he cares.
الصفحة 355 - It will now appear clear that all improvement of the memory lies in the line of ELABORATING THE ASSOCIATES of each of the several things to be remembered. No amount of culture would seem capable of modifying a man's GENERAL retentiveness.
الصفحة 355 - secret of a good memory' is thus the secret of forming diverse and multiple associations with every fact we care to retain. But this forming of associations with a fact, what is it but thinking about the fact as much as possible?
الصفحة 355 - The essential achievement of the will, in short, when it is most 'voluntary,' is to ATTEND to a difficult object and hold it fast before the mind.
الصفحة 355 - If a bottle of brandy stood at one hand, and the pit of hell yawned at the other, and I were convinced that I would be pushed in as sure as I took one glass, I could not refrain.
الصفحة 355 - We may catch the trick with the voluntary muscles, but fail with the skin, glands, heart, and other viscera. Just as an artificially imitated sneeze lacks something of the reality, so the attempt to imitate an emotion in the absence of its normal instigating cause is apt to be rather "hollow.