H. Holt, 1890 - 68 من الصفحات
Habit by William James, first published in 1890, is a rare manuscript, the original residing in one of the great libraries of the world. This book is a reproduction of that original, which has been scanned and cleaned by state-of-the-art publishing tools for better readability and enhanced appreciation.
Restoration Editors' mission is to bring long out of print manuscripts back to life. Some smudges, annotations or unclear text may still exist, due to permanent damage to the original work. We believe the literary significance of the text justifies offering this reproduction, allowing a new generation to appreciate it.
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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LibraryThing Reviewمعاينة المستخدمين - 2wonderY - LibraryThing
From soup to nuts; from physics to ethics. Nicely reasoned as channels of activity. قراءة التقييم بأكمله
طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات
عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
acquired action activity actual animals attention automatic become beginning body brain bring called cause complete condition conscious continuity contraction count course currents daily early effect emotions entirely escape exercised experience expression fact feeling fingers follow forces functional give Green grows habit hand Henry hour idea impulse keep kind knitting later learned less living Longmans matter means mechanical mental MICHIGAN mind modified moral motor move movement muscles muscular nature necessary nerves nervous system never occur once one's organ outward path perception performed period Philosophy Physiology plasticity play possible powers practical present principle prompted Psychology question reason reflex remarks repeated result says sensations sense simply soon sort stand structure success tends thing thought tion tissue train universally usually volition walking wave whole York
الصفحة 67 - We are spinning our own fates, good or evil, and never to be undone. Every smallest stroke of virtue or of vice leaves its never so little scar. The drunken Rip Van Winkle, in Jefferson's play, excuses himself for every fresh dereliction by saying, 'I won't count this time!
الصفحة 51 - Habit is thus the enormous fly-wheel of society, its most precious conservative agent. It alone is what keeps us all within the bounds of ordinance, and saves the children of fortune from the envious uprisings of the poor.
الصفحة 52 - ... by the natives of the desert and the frozen zone. It dooms us all to fight out the battle of life upon the lines of our nurture or our early choice, and to make the best of a pursuit that disagrees, because there is no other for which we are fitted, and it is too late to begin again. It keeps different social strata from mixing.
الصفحة 54 - The great thing, then, in all education, is to make our nervous system our ally instead of our enemy. It is to fund and capitalize our acquisitions, and live at ease upon the interest of the fund. For this we must make automatic and habitual, as early as possible, as many useful actions as we can, and guard against the growing into ways that are likely to be disadvantageous to us, as we should guard against the plague.
الصفحة 64 - One becomes filled with emotions which habitually pass without prompting to any deed, and so the inertly sentimental condition is kept up. The remedy would be, never to suffer one's self to have an emotion at a concert, without expressing it afterward in some active way. Let the expression be the least thing in the world — speaking genially to one's aunt, or giving up one's seat in a horse-car, if nothing more heroic offers — but let it not fail to take place.
الصفحة 53 - The merchants offer their wares as eagerly to him as to the veriest ' swell,' but he simply cannot buy the right things. An invisible law, as strong as gravitation, keeps him within his orbit, arrayed this year as he was the last ; and how his better-bred acquaintances contrive to get the things they wear will be for him a mystery till his dying day.
الصفحة 68 - As we become permanent drunkards by so many separate drinks, so we become saints in the moral, and authorities and experts in the practical and scientific spheres, by so many separate acts and hours of work. Let no youth have any anxiety about the upshot of his education, whatever the line of it may be. If he keep faithfully busy each hour of the workingday, he may safely leave the final result to itself.
الصفحة 61 - No matter how full a reservoir of maxims one may possess, and no matter how good one's sentiments may be, if one has not taken advantage of every concrete opportunity to act, one's character may remain entirely unaffected for the better. With mere good intentions, hell is proverbially paved. And this is an obvious consequence of the principles we have laid down. A "character...
الصفحة 60 - Seize the very first possible opportunity to act on every resolution you make and on every emotional prompting you may experience in the direction of the habits you aspire to gain. It is not in the moment of their forming, but in the moment of their producing motor effects, that resolves and aspirations communicate the new " set
الصفحة 6 - Plasticity, then, in the wide sense of the word, means the possession of a structure weak enough to yield to an influence, but strong enough not to yield all at once. Each relatively stable phase of equilibrium in such a structure is marked by what we may call a new set of habits. Organic matter, especially nervous tissue, seems endowed with a very extraordinary degree of plasticity of this sort...