Morphometrics: Applications in Biology and Paleontology, المجلد 14

الغلاف الأمامي
Ashraf M.T. Elewa
Springer Science & Business Media, 25‏/05‏/2004 - 263 من الصفحات

Morphometrics is one of the most dynamic and popular fields on the contemporary biological scene. Focusing, as it does, on the quantitative characterization and analysis of morphological data, students increasingly see morphometrics as a necessary complement to molecular studies in their quests to understand the origin and maintenance of biodiversity. Moreover, morphometrics has recently been shown to have direct utility in phylogenetic contexts, by both finding new, and sharpening the definition of old, character states.

At this juncture in the field’s development, a more up-to-date and thorough treatment of the use of morphometric procedures in a wide variety of contexts is needed. The book in hand, Morphometrics provides such answers to real-world questions for real-world systematists.

 

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المحتويات

Introduction
1
References
4
Application of geometric morphometrics to the study of shape polymorphism in Eocene ostracodes from Egypt and Spain
7
23 Brief notes on morphometries
9
24 Polymorphism in ostracodes
10
25 Materials and methods
11
26 Results
14
262 The Spanish material
19
109 Acknowledgements
139
Morphometric approach to Titanosauriformes Sauropoda Dinosauria femora Implications to the paleobiogeographic analysis
143
113 Materials and methods
146
114 Results and discussions
149
1142 Titanosauria and Titanosauridae
150
1143 Titanosauria of Laurasia
151
1144 Titanosauria of Gondwana of Upper Cretaceous Alamosaurus the emigrant
152
115 Conclusions
153

27 Conclusions
24
28 Acknowledgements
26
Morphometric analysis of population differentiation and sexual dimorphism in the blue spiny lobster Panulirus inflatus Bouvier 1895 from NW Mexi...
29
33 Material and methods
31
34 Results
33
35 Discussion
37
36 Acknowledgements
40
The effect of alcohol and freezing preservation on carapace size and shape in Liocarcinus depurator Crustacea Brachyura
45
43 Materials and methods
47
44 Results
48
45 Discussion
51
46 Acknowledgements
52
Allometric field decomposition an attempt at morphogenetic morphometrics
55
53 Allometric fields
56
54 Allometric field decomposition
61
Ammonite allometry
62
56 Conclusion
64
References
65
A combined landmark and outlinebased approach to ontogenetic shape change in the Ordovician trilobite Triarthrus becki
67
62 Introduction
68
63 Materials
70
64 Methods
71
65 Results
76
66 Concerns about the Use of Semilandmarks
80
67 Acknowledgements
81
Morphological analysis of two and three dimensional images of branching sponges and corals
83
73 Methods
87
732 Threedimensional data acquisition
90
74 Results
92
76 Acknowledgements
94
Geometric morphometric analysis of head shape variation in four species of hammerhead sharks Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae
97
82 Introduction
98
83 Materials and methods
99
832 Data acquisition
100
84 Results
102
85 Discussion
109
86 Acknowledgements
110
References
111
Morphometric stock structure of the Pacific sardine Sardinops sagax Jenyns 1842 off Baja California Mexico
115
92 Introduction
116
93 Materials and methods
117
932 Data analysis
119
94 Results
120
943 Multivariate analysis
121
95 Discussion
122
96 Acknowledgements
124
References
125
10 Sauropod Tracks a geometric morphometric study
129
103 Materials and methods
130
1032 Obtaining Landmarks coordinates
131
1033 Description of landmarks
132
104 Relative warp analysis
133
106 Software
134
1072 Multiple regression analysis
136
116 Acknowledgements
154
Geometric morphometrics in macroevolution morphological diversity of the skull in modern avian forms in contrast to some theropod dinosaurs
157
122 Introduction
158
1222 Morphology
159
1223 Phylogenetic context
160
123 Materials and methods
161
124 Results
162
125 Discussion and conclusions
168
126 Acknowledgements
171
Correlation of foot sole morphology with locomotion behaviour and substrate use in four passerine genera
175
133 Species and data
176
1332 Morphological data
177
1323 Behavioural data
178
1324 Statistics
180
133 Results
183
134 Discussion
187
1342 Parallelism
188
1343 Functional aspects of plantar morphological traits
189
135 Acknowledgements
191
References
192
Appendix
195
Maximumlikelihood identification of fossils taxonomic identification of Quaternary marmots Rodentia Mammalia and identification of vertebral posi...
197
142 Introduction
198
143 Materials and methods
200
1432 Snakes
203
1433 ML identification procedure
205
1434 Crossvalidation assessment
206
1435 Identification of unknowns
207
1442 Snakes
211
145 Discussion
213
146 Conclusions
217
147 Acknowledgements
218
Geometric morphometrics of the upper antemolar row configuration in the brown toothed shrews of the genus Sorex Mammalia
223
153 Materials and methods
225
154 Results
226
155 Conclusions
229
156 Acknowledgements
230
Geometric morphometrics in paleoanthropology Mandibular shape variation allometry and the evolution of modern human skull morphology
231
162 Material and methods
234
1631 Thinplate splines
235
1633 Geometric morphometric software and data analyses
236
195 Discussion
238
197 Conclusions
240
169 Acknowledgements
241
3D geometric morphometric analysis of temporal bone landmarks in Neanderthals and modern humans
245
173 Materials and methods
246
174 Results
248
175 Discussion
253
1753 Upper Paleolithic Europeans
254
1754 Kabwe
255
176 Conclusions
256
Index
259
حقوق النشر

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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

مقاطع مشهورة

الصفحة 257 - Harvati K (2002) Models of shape variation between and within species and the Neanderthal taxonomic position: A 3D geometric morphometrics approach.
الصفحة 257 - Arsuaga. JL (1997). The temporal bones from Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain). A phylogenetic approach.

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