Body and Mind: A History and a Defense of Animism
Macmillan compnay, 1911 - 384 من الصفحات
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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
accept action activity Animism animistic appears argument Aristotle assumption atoms behaviour believe bodily body brain brain-processes causation cells century cerebral cerebrum chapter complex conation conceive conception conservation of energy correlate dæmon Democritus Descartes difficulty distinct doctrine Dualism effect elements energy Epiphenomenalism especially essential evoked evolution existence experience explanation fact Fechner functions ghost-soul human hypothesis idea immaterial immortality imply influence inorganic Kant material materialistic matter meaning mechanistic memory mental process metaphysical mind modern modes monads movements namely natural selection nature nerves nervous system neural notion object organism Parallelism parallelist perception personality phenomena philosophers physical processes physical world physiological possible principle Prof Psychical Monism psycho-physical interaction psycho-physical Parallelism psycho-physical problem psychology purely mechanical reality reason reflex action regarded relation sciousness seems sensation sense sense-impression sensory content Solipsism soul spatial spirit stimulus stream of consciousness substance suppose teleological things thought tion unity vitalistic whole
الصفحة 62 - But besides all that endless variety of ideas or objects of knowledge, there is likewise something which knows or perceives them, and exercises divers operations, as willing, imagining, remembering, about them. This perceiving, active being is what I call mind, spirit, soul, or myself.
الصفحة 63 - It is indeed an opinion strangely prevailing amongst men, that houses, mountains, rivers, and in a word all sensible objects, have an existence, natural or real, distinct from their being perceived by the understanding.
الصفحة 69 - Unluckily all these positive assertions are contrary to that very experience, which is pleaded for them, nor have we any idea of self, after the manner it is here explained. For from what impression could this idea be derived?
الصفحة 63 - Some truths there are so near and obvious to the mind, that a man need only open his eyes to see them. Such I take this important one to be, to wit, that all the choir of heaven and furniture of the earth, in a word all those bodies which compose the mighty frame of the world, have not any subsistence without a mind...
الصفحة 67 - If we inquire into what the most accurate philosophers declare themselves to mean by material substance, we shall find them acknowledge they have no other meaning annexed to those sounds but the idea of Being in general, together with the relative notion of its supporting accidents. The general idea of Being appeareth to me the most abstract and incomprehensible of all other; and as for its supporting accidents, this, as we have just now observed, cannot be understood in the common sense of those...
الصفحة 65 - We have shewn that the soul is indivisible, incorporeal, unextended; and it is consequently incorruptible. Nothing can be plainer than that the motions, changes, decays, and dissolutions which we hourly see befall natural bodies (and which is what we mean by the course of nature) cannot possibly affect an active, simple, uncompounded substance: such a being therefore is indissoluble by the force of nature; that is to say, the soul of man is naturally immortal.
الصفحة 69 - In a large sense indeed, we may be said to have an idea or rather a notion of spirit;' that is, we understand the meaning of the word, otherwise we could not affirm or deny anything of it.
الصفحة 70 - I may venture to affirm of the rest of mankind that they are nothing but a bundle or collection of different perceptions, which succeed each other with an inconceivable rapidity, and are in a perpetual flux and movement.
الصفحة 64 - Hence, the knowledge I have of other spirits is not immediate, as is the knowledge of my ideas; but depending on the intervention of ideas, by me referred to agents or spirits distinct from myself, as effects or concomitant signs.
الصفحة 66 - An object precedent and contiguous to another, and so united with it in the imagination, that the idea of the one determines the mind to form the idea of the other...