Henry L. Stimson: The First Wise Man
SR Books, 2001 - 222 من الصفحات
The twentieth century witnessed the rise of the United States as the preeminent player on the world stage. While many individuals were responsible for the American ascension, few have left a larger legacy in the arena of foreign policy than Henry L. Stimson. Serving nearly every American president from Theodore Roosevelt to Harry S. Truman, Stimson shaped America's worldview and influenced America's foreign affairs decisions for over 40 years.
A Republican, Stimson served as Secretary of War under William H. Taft (1911-13), Secretary of State under Herbert Hoover (1929-33), and Secretary of War for Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (1940-45); in addition, he fought in World War I, initiated the Good Neighbor Policy in Central America, and served as Governor General of the Philippines (1927-29).
In this new book, David Schmitz reveals how the life of Stimson provides a unique framework for analyzing America's foreign policy development from the imperialism of the 1890s to the origins of the Cold War and the emergence of the United States as the world's leading power after World War II. The author also explains the continuities in foreign policy over this period and the emergence of the internationalist perspective over isolation-ism, showing how Stimson was able to pass along his perspec-tives to the next generation of American policymakers who after World War II established the internationalist mindset of the Cold War years. Stimson's crucial role in the development and use of the atomic bomb is also examined.
Henry L. Stimson: The First Wise Man is useful for courses in United States foreign policy, World War II, American history from 1900-1945, and survey courses in U.S. history.
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... United States could not condone the violation of treaties and the president was unwilling to take any military or economic action to uphold the treaties , what could the United States do in the face of Japan's taking of Manchuria ?
Roosevelt needed to move out from behind the congressional action and speak out concerning the issues at stake . ... public opinion against aggression , making it clear that there was a moral issue at stake in opposing Italy's actions .
The secretary of war was not so sure , fearing still that a Mediterranean action remained " the President's great secret baby . ... Stimson was furious , noting in his diary that he found the president's actions " irresponsible .