Ecological Morphology: Integrative Organismal Biology

الغلاف الأمامي
Peter C. Wainwright, Stephen M. Reilly
University of Chicago Press, 15‏/08‏/1994 - 367 من الصفحات
Ecological morphology examines the relation between an animal's anatomy and physiology—its form and function—and how the animal has evolved in and can inhabit a particular environment. Within the past few years, research in this relatively new area has exploded. Ecological Morphology is a synthesis of major concepts and a demonstration of the ways in which this integrative approach can yield rich and surprising results.

Through this interdisciplinary study, scientists have been able to understand, for instance, how bat wing design affects habitat use and bat diet; how the size of a predator affects its ability to capture and eat certain prey; and how certain mosquitoes have evolved physiologically and morphologically to tolerate salt-water habitats. Ecological Morphology also covers the history of the field, the role of the comparative method in studying adaptation, and the use of data from modern organisms for understanding the ecology of fossil communities.

This book provides an overview of the achievements and potential of ecological morphology for all biologists and students interested in the way animal design, ecology, and evolution interact.
 

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المحتويات

Introduction
3
CONCEPTS ISSUES AND APPROACHES
13
Ecological and Evolutionary Inferences from Morphology An Ecological Perspective
15
Functional Morphology as a Tool in Ecological Research
44
Adaptation Constraint and the Comparative Method Phylogenetic Issues and Methods
62
Evaluating the Adaptive Role of Morphological Plasticity
101
Allometric Aspects of PredatorPrey Interactions
125
Ecomorphological Analysis of Fossil Vertebrates and Their Paleocommunities
142
Roles of Hydrodynamics in the Study of Life on WaveSwept Shores
171
Wing Design Flight Performance and Habitat Use in Bats
207
Ecological Morphology of Locomotor Performance in Squamate Reptiles
242
The Role of Physiological Capacity Morphology and Phylogeny in Determining Habitat Use in Mosquitoes
305
The Ecological Morphology of Metamorphosis Heterochrony and the Evolution of Feeding Mechanisms in Salamanders
321
Conclusion Ecological Morphology and the Power of Integration
341
Contributors
357
Index
359

MODEL SYSTEMS
169

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