Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
Oxford University Press, 2004 - 284 من الصفحات
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.
In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.
Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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... blacks and whites . 14 The revolt was repressed by Bahian police before it had even begun . But free black desires for racial equality continued to simmer beneath the surface of colo- nial political life , to explode once again in the ...
... blacks and whites . Before those policies took effect , from 1950 through the late 1960s black and mulatto fertility had exceeded white fertility by 20 to 35 percent.4 Black mortality was also higher than white mortality in both ...
... Blacks and Whites , 141 . 36. Quotations from Andrews , Blacks and Whites , 151. On the Frente Negra , see Fernan- des , Integração do negro , vol . 2 , 7–115 ; Butler , Freedoms Given , 113–28 ; Bacelar , " Frente Negra " ; Barbosa ...