Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
Oxford University Press, 2004 - 284 من الصفحات
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.
In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.
Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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... Liberal Party in 1840 , these rebels expressed themselves in the lan- guage of radical liberalism , demanding " free land and free men " ( land reform and abolition ) , open and honest elections , and an end to landowner and government ...
... Liberal ties to the black population , and black identification with the Liberal Party , were strongest of all in Colombia . In the Cauca Valley , free blacks and slaves formed the bulk of Liberal forces in the civil war of 1839–42 ...
... Liberal party " comprising urban arti- sans and laborers . Late in the century the latter succeeded in winning electoral control of Colón , one of the two principal cities of the isthmus , creating a black municipal administration and ...