Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
Oxford University Press, 2004 - 284 من الصفحات
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.
In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.
Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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... laws governing people of " unclean blood " -Arabs , Jews , gypsies , and Africans - in the Old World . During the ... Caste Regime governing free blacks and mulattoes , Indians , mestizos , and other racially mixed peoples . 109 Under ...
... caste laws , which explicitly stated the connection between nonwhite racial status and manual labor . Thus there was " nothing more ignominious than being a black or descended from them , " noted a Spanish cleric describing racial ...
... caste laws themselves , and to the " beaten down , despised state " to which those laws confined free people of color . Honor and integrity arise not in response to abuse , the guild argued in a 1797 petition to the king , but rather in ...