Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
Oxford University Press, 2004 - 284 من الصفحات
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.
In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.
Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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... organizations created in re- sponse to the ferment of the 1970s and 1980s , and explicitly racial in their orienta- tion . These included the Movimento Negro Unificado , a national - level political movement founded in 1978 ; the ...
... organizations continued to form and agitate for pro- tection of black - owned lands . Even in Cuba , despite government strictures on political mobilization outside the Communist Party , a new black organization , the Cofradía de la ...
... organizations to design the affirmative action proposals that his administration incorporated into its 1996 National Human Rights Pro- gram . 13 In Panama , black organizations achieved comparable successes with the enactment by ...