Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
Oxford University Press, 2004 - 284 من الصفحات
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.
In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.
Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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... pardos . In their Constitution of 1811 the revolutionaries therefore abol- ished all legal restrictions on free browns and blacks and even outlawed the use of the term " pardo . " But such measures could not overcome the antagonisms be ...
... pardos . " As a result , re- ported a Spanish official in the colony , it was “ proverb [ ial ] ... that the pardos were faithful [ to Spain ] and the white creoles revolutionary . " 8 During the second half of the 1810s , pardo support ...
... pardos during the 1820s and 1830s , and then it closed its doors to them in 1844 ; not a single student of color was admitted to the University of Buenos Aires . Elementary schools in Córdoba were opened to pardos in 1829 , but only two ...