Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000
Oxford University Press, 2004 - 284 من الصفحات
While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.
In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.
Spanning two centuries, this tour de force should be read by anyone interested in Latin American history, the history of slavery, and the African diaspora, as well as the future of Latin America.
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... percent ) in 1991 . Afro - Cubans grew from one - quarter ( 25.2 percent ) of the national population in 1943 to one - third ( 33.9 percent ) in 1981 . The Afro - Brazilian population then fell in relative terms during the 1990s , to 45.0 ...
... percent of blacks and 10 percent of mulattoes were high school graduates , compared with 10 percent of whites . In addition , 3.5 per- cent of blacks and 3.2 percent of mulattoes held university degrees , compared with 4.4 percent of ...
... percent of the national population to a maximum of 62 percent ; for Venezuela , from 9 percent to 70 percent ; and in the Dominican Republic , the most extreme case , from 11 per- cent to 90 percent.7 When faced with such variance , and ...