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Foreigners, not to hold Land.

and punish all fuch Perfons as fhall be guilty of the Violation of any SafeConduct or Paffport granted under the Authority of the Congress of the United States of America, or under the Authority of this State, to the Sub jects of any foreign Power in Time of War.

And alfo against all fuch Perfons as fhall be guilty of the Commiffion of any Acts of Hoftility against the Subjects of any Prince or Power in Amity, League, or Truce with the United States of America, or fuch as are within this State under a general implied Safe-Conduct.

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Violaters of fafe-guard, punished.

&c. to be

Acts of hof

tility, &c.

And also against all fuch as fhall be guilty of any Violation or Infraction of the Immunities of Ambaffadors, or other public Minifters, authorized Ambassaand received as fuch by the United States in Congrefs affembled, or of any dors, &c. Violence offered to the Perfons of fuch Ambaffadors or Minifters, their Houses, Carriages or Property, under the Limitation allowed by the Laws and Ufages of Nations, or that fhall any Ways moleft or disturb them in the free Exercise of their Religion.

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforefaid, "That no Writ or Pro. cefs fhall at any Time iffue, or be maintained against any fuch Ambaffador or public Minister, authorized and received as aforesaid, or against his Goods or Chattels, or against his domeftic Servant, whereby his Perfon may be arrested, in any Civil Action.

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforefaid, That the faid Courts respectively be, and they are hereby authorized and impowered to hear, try and determine, by a Jury or otherwife (according to Law) any of the Matters aforesaid, or any other Infractions or Violations of, or Offences against the known, received and established Laws of civilized Nations, agreeable to the Laws of this State, or the Laws of Nations.

No writ, &c.

maintainable against Ambaffadors,

&c.

Courts impowered to try, &c.

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforefaid, That if any Injury shall be offered and done by any Perfon or Perfons whatsoever, to any fo- Injuryagainft reign Power, or to the Subjects thereof, either in their Perfons or Property, foreign powby Means whereof any Damage fhall or may in any Wife arife, happen or be redreffed. accrue, either to any fuch foreign Power, to the faid United States, to this State, or to any particular Perfon; the Perfon or Perfons offering or doing any fuch Injury, fhall be liable to pay and anfwer all fuch Damages as fhall be occafioned thereby.

An Act to prevent Foreigners or Aliens purchafing, or holding Lands in this State.

BE

E it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Representatives, in General Court affembled, and by the Authority of the fame, That no Person who is not a Citizen or Inhabitant of this State, or one of the United States of America, shall be capable of purchafing or holding any Lands within this State, without fpecial Licence from the General Affembly.

No alien may purchase without fpe

lands, &c.

cial licence.

Provided, That nothing in this Act fhall be conftrued to work a Forfeiture of any Lands belonging to any Subject of the King of Great-Britain before the late War, or to prevent the Proprietor of fuch Lands from fel- Provifo. ling and difpofing of the fame to any Inhabitant of any of the United States: Nor to hinder the Subjects of the King of France from enjoying the Privileges and Benefits to which they are entitled by Virtue of the Treaty of Amity, made and ratified by and between His Most Christian Majesty, and the United States of America.

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Forgery.

Forms of Writs, &c.

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Be

An Act against Forgery.

E it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Reprefentatives, in General Court affembled, and by the Authority of the fame, That if any Perfon or Perfons fhall willingly and falfely forge and make, or caufe to be forged or made, or shall aid, abet, help or affift in the falfely forging and making any false Deed, Conveyance, Will, Teftament, Bond, Bill, Receipt, Releafe, Acquittance, Letter of Attorney, or any other Writing to prevent Equity and Juftice; fuch Perfon or Perfons being thereof duly convicted, fhall stand in the Pillory three feveral Lecture Days, or other Days of public Meeting; and render and pay to the Party or Parties injured thereby, double Damages, to be recovered by Action founded on this Statute; and fhall also be rendered incapable, and be difenabled to give any Evidence or Verdict in any Court, or before any Magistrate or Juftice of the Peace.

An Act prefcribing Forms of Writs, Proceffes, &c.

E it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Representatives, in General Court Writs, Proceffes, &c. in Civil Causes, here under-written, be, and they are hereby established to be the Forms to be used in this State, by the refpective Officers therein, That is to fay;

Summons for Appearance before an Affiftant or Justice of Peace. To the Sheriff of the County of H. his Deputy, or either of the Conftables of the Town of G. within faid County, Greeting. Y Authority of the State of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded to fummon A. B. of G. aforefaid, to appear before me J. H. Efq; Juftice of the Peace for the County aforefaid, at my Dwelling-House in H. on the at of the Clock in the noon; then and there to

Day of

anfwer to C. D. of W. in a Plea of

which is to the Damage of the faid C. D.

Shillings,

and he therefore brings this Suit. And of this Writ, with your Doings therein, make true Return to me, at or before the faid

Dated at H. the

BY

Day of

Day of
Annoque Domini,

J. H.

Attachment before an Affiftant or Justice of Peace.

To the Sheriff, &c.
OY Authority of the State of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded to
attach the Goods or Estate of A. B. of F. aforefaid, to the Value of
Pounds, and for Want thereof to attach the Body of the faid
A. B. (if he may be found in your Precincts) and him safely keep, so that he
may be had before me J. H. Efq; Juftice of the Peace for the County
aforefaid, at my Dwelling-Houfe, &c. (fufficient Bond for Profecution
being given). Hereof fail not, and make due Return of this Writ, with
your Doings therein, &c.

The like for Summons and Attachments to the County Courts, Mutatis
Mutandis.

An Execution granted by an Affiftant or Juftice of Peace.
To the Sheriff of the County of H. &c.

WHEREAS C. D. of W. on the

Efq; fuftice of the Peace for the County aforefaid, recovered Judgment

affiftant or juftice.

against A. B. of H. for the Sum of

and for the Sum of Shillings,

Whereof Execution remains to be done.

T

Day of

Greeting. before me 7. H.

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HESE are therefore by Authority of the State of Connecticut, to command you, That of the Money of the faid A. B. or of his Goods or

Chattels

Forms of Writs, &c.

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Pounds,

Chattels within your Precincts, you caufe to be levied, and (the fame being difpofed of as the Law directs) paid and satisfied unto the faid C. D. the aforefaid Sums, being Pence, in the Whole; and alfo that out of the faid Monies, Goods or Chattels you levy One Shilling more for this Writ, together with your own Fees.

Shillings, and

And for Want of fuch Money, Goods or Chattels of the faid A. B. to be by him fhewn unto you, or found within your Precincts, for fatisfying the aforefaid Sums you are hereby commanded to take the Body of the faid A. B. and him commit unto the Keeper of the Gaol in H. in the County aforefaid, within the faid Prison; who is likewife hereby commanded to receive the said A. B. and him fafely keep, until he pay unto the faid C. D. the full Sums above-mentioned, and be by him released, and also fatisfy your Fees. Hereof fail not, and make due Return of this Writ, with your Doings therein, unto me the faid J. H. Efq; within fixty Days next coming. Dated at H. this Day of, &c.

J. H. Execution out of the Superior Court and County Courts, respectively.

To the Sheriff of the County of H. &c. Greeting. WHEREAS C. D. of W. recovered Judgment against A. B. of F. before the Court, bolden at H. within the County aforefaid, on the Tuesday of for the Sum of Pounds, Debt, (Damage) and Pounds Shillings Pence Cofts of Suit, as appears of Record: Whereof Execution remains to be done.

T

Execution

court.

HESE are therefore, by Authority of the State of Connecticut, to com- from fuperiniand you, That of the Goods, Chattels or Lands of the faid A. B. or or county within your Precincts, you cause to be levied (and the fame being difpofed of, or appraised as the Law directs) paid and satisfied unto the faid C. D. the aforefaid Sums being Pounds Shillings and Pence in the Whole; with Shillings more for this Writ, and thereof also to fatisfy yourself for your own Fees. And for Want of fuch Goods, Chattels or Lands of the faid A. B. to be by him fhewn unto you, or found within your Precincts, to the Acceptance of the said C. D. for fatisfying the aforefaid Sums, you are hereby commanded to take the Body of the said A. B. and him commit unto the Keeper of the Gaol in H. in the County aforefaid, within the faid Prifon; who is likewife hereby commanded to receive the faid A. B. and him fafely to keep until he pay unto the faid C. D. the full Sums above-mentioned, and be by him released, and also fatisfy your Fees. Hereof fail not, and make due Return of this Writ, with your Doings therein, unto the said Court to be holden at upon the Tuesday of next. Dated at H. &c. E. K. Clerk.

B

Summons or Sub-poena for Witnesses.

To A. B. and C. D. &c.

Y Authority of the State of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded to appear before the

Court

to be holden at F. on the

Summons for

Tuesday of to testify what you know in a certain Action now depending witneffes.
in the faid Court, between E. F. of H. Plaintiff, and G. H. of M. De-
Hereof fail not, under the Penalty of the
Dated at H. &c.

fendant in an Action of

Law in that Cafe provided.

D. E. Clerk.

A Warrant of Replevin before the County Court.

To the Sheriff of F. &c.

Greeting.

Y Authority of the State of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded, Replevin.
justly, and without Delay, to caufe to be replevied to T. C. of S. his
now destrained or impounded by S. H. of N. and
and you are to fummon the

Beasts, viz.
by him justly detained, as it is faid

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Bond for profecution.

Warrant for collecting town rates.

Frovifo.

Forms of Writs, &c.

Tuesday of

Said S. H. to appear before the next County Court to be holden at F. in
and for the faid County, on the
next; then and there to
answer unto the faid T. C. in a Plea of Trespass, wherein the faid T. C.
complains, that the faid S. H. the
certain Place called

Day of, &c.
at M. in a
&c. took the faid Beafts, That is to fay,
and them unjustly impounded and detained as aforefaid, until this
Time; which is to the Damage of the faid T. C. as he faith, the Sum of
Pounds, and therefore he brings this Suit, &c.
(the
faid T. C. having given fufficient Bond to profecute this Action to Ef-
fect, and fatisfy fuch Damages, Demands and Dues as the adverfe Party
fhall recover against him.) Hereof fail not, and make true Return of this
Writ, with your Doings therein, &c.
Dated, &c.
J. H. Juftice of Peace.

The like for a Writ of Replevin before an Affiftant or Juftice, Mutatis
Mutandis.

Bond for Profecution.

YOU C. S. and E. C. of H. acknowledge yourselves jointly and feverally bound to J. L. of in a Recognizance of Pounds, That

You

T. R. of W. fhall profecute the Attachment or Replevin he hath now taken out against the said J. L. at the next County Court to be holden at next, to full Effect; and answer all Coft and Damages in Cafe he make not his Plea good. Taken and acknowledged in H. the

H. on the Tuesday of

BY

Day of, &c.

Before me,

J. W. Juftice of Peace.

A Warrant for collecting Rates.

To A. B. Collector of the Town Rate of the Town of, &c. Greeting. Y Authority of the State of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded forthwith to levy and collect of the Perfons named in the annexed Lift, herewith committed to you, each one his feveral Proportion, as therein fet down, of the Sum total of fuch Lift; being a Tax or Affeffiment granted and agreed upon by the Inhabitants of the faid Town of, &c. regularly affembled on the Day of for defraying of the neceffary Charges arifing within the fame; and to deliver and pay the Sum and Sums which you fhall fo levy and collect, unto the Treasurer of the faid Town, (or to C. D. being by faid Town appointed to receive the fame) at or before the Day of And if any Perfon or Perfons fhall neglect or refuse to make Payment of the Sum or Sums whereat he or they are refpectively affeffed, and fet in the faid Lift, to diftrain the Goods or Chattels of fuch Perfon or Perfons, and the fame difpofe of as the Law directs; returning the Overplus (if any be) unto the Owner or Owners. And for Want of Goods and Chattels, whereon to make Diftrefs, you are to take the Body or Bodies of the Perfon or Perfons fo refufing, and him or them commit unto the Keeper of the Gaol of the faid County, within the said Prifon; who is hereby commanded to receive and fafely keep him or them, until he or they pay and fatisfy the faid Sum or Sums affeffed upon him or them as aforefaid, together with your Fees; unless the said Affeffment, or any Part thereof, upon Application made to the County Court, fhall be abated. Dated at G. &..

Always provided, and it is further enalled, That it fhall be lawful for any Perfon or Perfons within this State, as often as Occafion fhall require, to make Ufe of other and diverse Forms than what are before in this Act prefcribed, fo that the Subftance of the Matter or Action be well contained therein, according to Law.

An

Fornication. Frauds & Perjuries. Fraudulent Conveyances. 87

BE

An Act for the Punishment of Fornication.

E it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Reprefentatives, in General Court affembled, and by the Authority of the fame, That if any Man shall commit Fornication with any fingle Woman, upon due Conviction thereof, each of them fhall pay a Fine of Thirty-Three Shillings to the Treafury of Fine 335. the County in which fuch Conviction is; or be corporally punished by whipping, not exceeding Ten Stripes each; at the Discretion of the County Court who fhall have Cognizance of faid Offence.

An Act for Prevention of Frauds and Perjuries.

E it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Reprefentatives, in General Court

or

Baffembled, and by the Authority of the fame, That no Suit in Law Equity fhall be brought or maintained upon any Contract or Agreement that shall be made after the firft Day of December, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-One, whereby to charge any Executor or Adminiftrator, upon any special Promife, to answer Damages out of his own Eftate; or whereby to charge the Defendant upon any special Promife to anfwer for the Debt, Default, or Miscarriages of another Perfon; or to charge any Perfon upon any Agreement made upon Confideration of Marriage; or upon any Contract, or Sale of Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments, or any Intereft in or concerning them; or upon any Agreement that is not to be performed within the Space of one Year from the making thereof; unless the Agreement upon which fuch Action fhall be brought, or fome Memorandum or Note thereof fhall be made in Writing, and figned by the Party to be charged therewith, or fome other Perfon thereunto by him lawfully authorized.

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforefaid, That no Suit in Law or Equity fhall be brought or maintained upon any Contract or Agreement that hall hereafter be made, and not reduced to writing as aforefaid, but within three Years next after entering into, or making the fame, or on any fuch Contract or Agreement heretofore made, but within three Years next after a Right of Action thereon fhall accrue; or if fuch Right of Action hath already accrued, fuch Suit fhall not be brought, but within three Years next after the first Day of June, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-One.

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Provided, That nothing in this Act contained fhall extend to any Acti- Provifo. on of Book Debt.

An Act against Fraudulent Conveyances.

E it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in General Court affembled, and by the Authority of the fame, That all fraudulent and Fraudulent deceitful Conveyances of Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments, Goods or conveyances, Chattels; and all fuch Bonds, Suits, Judgments, Executions or Contracts, made to void any Debt or Duty of others, fhall (as against the Party or Parties only, whofe Debt or Duty is fo endeavoured to be avoided, their Heirs, Executors or Affigns) be utterly void; any Pretence, or feigned Confideration notwithstanding.

And every of the Parties to fuch a fraudulent Conveyance, Bond, Suit, Judgment, Execution or Contract, who being privy thereunto, that fhall wittingly juftify the fame to be done, bona Fide and upon good Confidera- Penalty. tion: Or shall alien and affign any Lands, Leafe, Goods or Chattels so to them conveyed, as aforefaid, shall forfeit one Year's Value of the Lands,

Leafe,

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